On-Line Manual

Please stop by and visit our web site for all of our locations, class times, instructor biographies, event pictures, announcements, and helpful student information.
Please note that it is the responsibility of the student to check the website periodically for updates,
news and events, etc.
© 2011 1st Edition Revised.
This Training Manual is a dynamic work in progress. It continues to grow as we share ideas and embrace new training techniques. It is a combination of original material and information collected from various Tang Soo Do sources. The information has been gathered during our 30 years of instructing and working with numerous associations
( ITF, ATA, WTSDA, SHTSD, and MTSDA).
We continually expand our knowledge base from our teaching experience and utilize technology to browse the World Wide Web for new and exciting information that can be incorporated and will enhance our students’ training experience.
We wish to thank all of the dedicated Martial Arts Instructors whose discipline and inspiration continue to challenge us to excellence.
TABLE of CONTENTS
Precision Tang Soo Do Association’s
Certified Masters & Instructors
Precision Tang Soo Do’s Instructing staff is comprised of black belts ranking from 1st to 6th degree Black Belts. Being appointed the titles Kyo Sa Nim, and Sah Bum Nim by Master Hile makes the following black belts more than just black belts, but teachers of the art. Over the years they have catered to people of physical and mental disability and they are willing to share the Art to anyone willing to learn.
Instructor Name Rank Title
Master Scott Hile 5th Degree Black Belt Chief Sah Bum Nim
Mr. Sean Peters 5th Degree Black Belt Chief Sah Bum Nim
Master Carl MacDermott 6th Degree Black Belt Sah Bum Nim
Master Bill Martin 6th Degree Black Belt Sah Bum Nim
Master Chris Delmonte 4th Degree Black Belt Sah Bum Nim
Mrs. Lori Hopgood 4th Degree Black Belt Sah Bum Nim
Mr. Cody Delongchamps 3rd Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Ms. Caitlin Moore 3rd Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Mr. Matthew Moore 3rd Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Mr. Dave Korbel 2nd Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Mr. Justin Rich 2nd Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Ms. Gabrielle Etoniru 2nd Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Mr. Brent Delongchamps 1st Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Mr. Reynald Cantave 1st Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Mr. John Teceno 1st Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Ms. Erin Teceno 1st Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Mr. Logan Teceno 1st Degree Black Belt Kyo Sa Nim
Master Scott Hile
5th Dan Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do
Chief Master Instructor
Precision Tang Soo Do Association
Master Hile began studying martial arts with MacDermott’s Tang Soo
Do in 1993 under Evan Lampros, 4th Degree Moo Duk Kwan, Tang
Soo Do. He began teaching when he earned his Black Belt in 1997
and became the instructor of the East Bridgewater YMCA school, for
Master MacDermott, for 9 years. After East Bridgewater, he went to the Middleboro YMCA for 2 years. Finally, he went to the Headquarter school and is currently still the instructor there.
He earned his 2nd Degree in 1999, 3rd in 2002, 4th in 2006, and 5th in 2011, all
under the instruction of Master MacDermott and Master Martin.
Master Hile created a Demo Team, in 1999, that is responsible for
performing all demonstrations within the local communities. From
2000-2002, he was a co-instructor of a Middle School (grades 5-8)
after school program that was funded by a 3 year Federal grant.
Master Hile assists Master MacDermott and Master Martin in conducting weapons seminars,
self-defense seminars, and teaching women’s self-defense. He enjoys helping people of all
ages, physical and mental limitations, and disabilities succeed in achieving their goals in life and martial arts.
Master Hile continued what Master MacDermott had started 30 years prior by taking over the administration of the schools, under the name Precision Tang Soo Do, as of January 1, 2011.
Master Sean Peters
5th Dan Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do
Chief Master Instructor
Mr. Peters began in 1993 with Master Lampros at the Bridgewater Fitness Center. There he went up the ranks with just senior to him, Master Hile. Mr. Peters studied under Master Lampros for three years, then achieved his first degree in 1999, under the instruction of Master Hile, a first degree at the time, and Master Martin.
During his first year as a black belt he taught classes at the Bridgewater Fitness Center. He taught there for 8 years. During this time Mr. Peters taught MacDermott’s Tang Soo Do to the after school program at the elementary and junior high schools. Under the instruction of Master MacDermott he achieved his second degree in 2001, and his third degree in 2004. Most recently, Mr. Peters achieved his fourth degree in 2008 with the help of Master Hile and fifth degree in 2013. While undergoing learning and teaching he was a strong contributor to Master Hile’s Demo Team.
Through the years Mr. Peters has assisted Master MacDermott with the youth and adult women’s self defense classes, as well as other tasks that has helped MacDermott’s Tang Soo Do grow into what it has become today.
Master Carl H. MacDermott III
6th Dan Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do
Chief & Founder of
MacDermott’s Tang Soo Do Association
Carl H. MacDermott began studying Tang Soo Do in Bridgewater,
Massachusetss, in 1973 under the instruction of Thomas
Sylvester, 2nd Dan Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do. In 1980
Mr.MacDermott received his Black Belt and began teaching. He
revieved his 2nd Degree in 1986, his 3rd Degree in 1991, and his 4th
Degree in january of 1996 under the instruction of Master Richard
Byrne, 8th Dan Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do, his 5th Degree in
December 2006, and his 6th Degree in November 2010 (under the instruction of Master Victoria DeMarco, 7th degree Moo Duk Kwan, Tang Soo Do ).
Mr. MacDermott was voted Black Belt of the Year in 1991, and in1992, was voted into the American Tang Soo Do Hall of Fame.
Mr. MacDermott is also an experienced teacher of the handicapped and has used Tang Soo Do as a method of improving flexibility and Coordination.
Mr. MacDermott joined the Bridgewater Police Department in 1984. He holds a Master’s Degree in Criminal Justice from Anna Maria College, a Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice from Stonehill College, and an Associates Degree from Massasoit Community College. Prior to 1984, he was a member of the Lakeville Police Department. In 1985 and again in 1991, Mr. MacDermott was cited as Patrolmen of the year. In 1990, he was also voted Patrolmen of the Year for his department by Mothers Against Drunk Driving. In September of 1996, Mr. MacDermott was promoted to the rank of Detective on the Bridgewater Police Force and Sergeant on November 25, 2011.
Master William Martin
6th Dan Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do
Master Martin has been involved in the Martial Arts for 40 years and
has been instructing since the early 1970’s. His career began as a
13 year old student of Mr. James Mattie in the Japanese Art of
Shotokan. He advanced to become an instructor for him and
remained with Mr. Mattie until the school eventually closed in the
late 1970’s.
Master Martin wanted to continue training in the Martial Arts and
began his Tang Soo Do studies in 1978 under Mr. Tom Sylvester
and then continued his advanced studies under Grand Master
Richard Byrne. Master Martin was a frequent and successful
tournament competitor during the 1980’s and 1990′s, retiring from
competition in 1996.
He and Master MacDermott have developed specialized programs
and offer seminars in street smart self-defense, self-defense classes
for women, and self-defense against guns, knives, and clubs. They
also offer a “High Energy” class to increase endurance and sharpen
fighting skills through combination punching and kicking drills.
Master Martin enjoys teaching children and adults and guiding them as their self-esteem, technical skills, and confidence grows. He is currently co-instructing at the Bridgewater Sports Complex with Master MacDermott.
Master Chris Delmonte
4th Dan Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do
Master Delmonte began studying Tang Soo Do in 1991 at the Cedar
Street School in Bridgewater, under the instruction of Master Carl H.
MacDermott, III 5th Dan Master, Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do. In
1994, Master Delmonte received his black belt under the direction of
Grandmaster Chun Sik Kim and Master Richard Byrne. Master
Delmonte then received his 2nd degree in 1996, and his 3rd degree in
2000. In 2006, he was promoted to the rank of 4th Dan Master,
Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do.
Master Delmonte has participated in numerous demonstrations and
tournaments promoting the requirements and rewards of Tang Soo
Do. Tang Soo Do is a strong presence in Master Delmonte’s family
as his three children have achieved rank in the Art.
General Philosophy and Policies
Peaceful Coexistence of Activities
It is the philosophy of the instructors at Precision Tang Soo Do that the best interest of each student be kept in mind. We believe that our students should experience life to the fullest. Involvement in other activities is important whether it be music, dance, sports, or scouts. Expanding one’s mind to understand different ideas and views helps the student mature into a well-rounded person.
All of the instructors are members of families and understand how busy life can be. There never seems to be enough time in the day. As instructors, we are concerned about our students and insist that their academic responsibilities come first. Between school and activities, “burn out” is a reality for both parents and students.
At Precision Tang Soo Do, we want students to succeed in Tang Soo Do, as well as in all aspects of life. Tang Soo Do offers many tools that will help a student realize whatever goals they set. This art requires self-discipline, mental toughness, and comprehension of complex concepts and coordination. These are also requirements for life. We, as instructors, have benefited from the study of this art in our personal and professional lives and understand how Tang Soo Do can assist people in dealing with the many facets of life.
Tang Soo Do requires a steadfast commitment on the part of the student. The maximum benefit is gained when the student places a high priority on the study of the art. However, if a student has other activities that occasionally conflict with class time, he/she can work with the instructor to arrange a schedule that will meet their needs. Attending class, even one day a week, will allow a student to keep the knowledge and technique fresh. It may require more time to progress through the ranks, but that should not be the primary focus. The most difficult part of leaving class for an extended period of time is the loss of knowledge, technique and the feeling of having to begin again upon return. Keeping involved, even minimally, will alleviate these problems. If a student attending any of our schools wants to participate in a double class to fulfill the attendance requirement, while being part of an outside activity, he/she may do so. We are flexible and will work with you to assist in any way we can, and have many locations to choose from.
It is important as practitioners of Tang Soo Do that we do not make it a job. Students should be excited about learning and trying to master new techniques. Tang Soo Do should be seen as a part of one’s life that enriches the whole.
Class Cancellations and Makeup Classes
  • Classes held at any of the “Y” locations will be canceled only if the facility itself is closed. Students who attend the karate classes held at other school locations should contact their respective instructors about the cancellation of those classes, or log into our web site: http://www.precisiontangsoodo.com
  • It is the responsibility of the student who misses a class for any reason to make it up and to remind the instructor to update their attendance card after completion of the makeup class.
  • A student who attends a two-hour class, tournament or demonstration may be, at the instructor’s prerogative, granted credit for two classes.
  • If a student is planning a vacation, class time can be made up prior to leaving or upon return.
  • Students are allowed to miss one class per month without it affecting their chances of testing for their next belt rank.

General Class Procedures

1) Entering the Dojang
All students and Black Belts should salute the flags and bow to the senior Black Belts on the floor. This should be done without exception. Students do not have to wait for Dan members to acknowledge the bow before entering(as long as they’re on time).The senior ranking student should immediately line up all students according to rank and seniority. Students should then begin warm up and stretching exercises. This should continue until the instructor enters the dojang. As the instructor enters the dojang, the senior student should have everyone stand, face the instructor and bow.
2) Beginning the Class
The instructor will proceed to the front center of the class. The highest-ranking member will call out the following commands:
Cha Ryut Attention
Kukgi Bae Rye Salute to flag
Ba-Ro Return
Minyo Meditate
Ahn Jo Sit
Ba-Ro Return
Sah Bum Nim E Kyung Yet or Bow to Master Instructor
Kyo Sa Nim E Kyung Yet Bow to Certified Instructor
3) During Class
A) When the Chief Instructor or a senior ranking Dan member instructor enters the dojang, the class should be called to attention by the first student who sees the senior rank. The person who calls the class to attention should call out the command to bow to the instructor. The class should then resume training.
B) If a student arrives late for a class, he/she should wait at the entrance of the dojang until recognized by the instructor. The student should then approach the instructor, bow and ask permission to join the class.
C) If a student needs to leave the dojang during class he/she must first receive permission from the instructor. (The only exception is a medical condition that requires medication such as asthma. The student can leave immediately without waiting for permission.) The instructor should be notified of any medical condition that might require a student to leave. Once a student leaves the dojang, he/she must be acknowledged by the instructor before re-entering the dojang.
D) All questions to the instructor, during class, should be preceded by raising of the hand. When the student is acknowledged he/she should bow and ask the question respectfully. When the question has been answered, the student should bow and say; “Kum sum ni da” (Thank you), showing proper respect.
E) When the class is asked to sit on the floor, students should keep proper posture; hands placed on the knees, back straight, and legs should be crossed.
4) Special Circumstances
In the case of a visiting or guest instructor who is of senior rank, the regular class instructor will ask permission to begin the class. The visitor may choose to teach the class, participate in the class, or work out in the back of the class.
If the visiting senior rank notices a correction in class technique, protocol, etc., this correction will be made to the class instructor with discretion and respect.
Student Responsibilities
1) The Uniform (Do Bahk)
Students are required to keep their uniforms clean and well pressed at all times. The uniform pants and tops must be hemmed and not turned up. It is important to always present a neat appearance. Plain white or MacDermott’s T-shirts may be worn under the uniform. Uniforms are to be brought to class in a bag or neatly folded with the Belt tied around it.
2) Personal Appearance
Personal appearance is important both for safety and respect of self. Fingernails and toenails should be clipped short to prevent injury while working in class. All jewelry must be removed including earrings, ankle bracelets, studs, etc. Long hair should be pulled back and fastened so does not obstruct the vision. All cuts and scrapes should be kept covered at all times. A person must have clean hands, fingernails, feet and toenails before attending class.
3) Practice
Learning the art of Tang Soo Do requires practice outside of the time spent in class. Students should learn the basic movements and then practice them until they have been perfected. All Tang Soo Do techniques are built from the basic moves and forms. Stretching, forms, basic kicking and hand techniques should be practiced daily. This requires about 15 to 30 minutes each day. Stretching should be included with the practice session to gain maximum flexibility.
Students must work hard and concentrate in order to master all of the techniques and the spirit of Tang Soo Do. Practice of the various forms as well as the basic moves enables the student to develop good technique. Dedication, respect, and discipline will develop a strong, well-rounded student.
4) Class Attendance
A student must attend class twice a week. If a student misses more than three classes during a test cycle, the student will not be allowed to test until the classes have been made up. The classes may be made up at any of the school locations, but the student’s primary instructor must give permission for attendance at another class. Once classes are made up, a student is eligible to test. (Tests are given ~ three times per year)
Students are expected to participate in events planned/run by Precision Tang Soo Do. These events do count as classes and can be used to make up missed classes.
When a student attains the rank of 3rd Gup (Red Belt), he/she must begin attending Red Belt/ Black Belt classes, which are scheduled (see instructors). First Gups are expected to attend ALL Red Belt/Black Belt classes. These classes focus on the more complex techniques, forms, and conditioning required to achieve the rank of Black Belt.
If a student is absent from class for a period of more than two weeks, he/she must formally approach the instructor and request permission to join the class.
Outside Activities:
Because students often participate in varied activities such as baseball, soccer, music, scouts, religious education and dancing, conflicts can arise with scheduled classes. Students are encouraged to discuss any conflicts with their instructor and to develop a schedule that will allow them to attend class as often as possible. In this way, a student interested in continuing his/her studies may do so. It will take longer to progress, but the skills necessary to advance will be developed.
5) Attitude and Discipline
The student should always maintain a positive attitude in class. Everything that is demonstrated and taught is possible to learn with practice, patience, and persistence. The instructors will always work with you to demonstrate the proper way to deliver a technique; it is up to you to practice and master that technique.
Give yourself time to learn by not expecting too much too soon. This is an art which requires time to master. The material is divided carefully into the various requirements for each rank based on the experience of the instructors. Do not allow yourself to become bored even if it seems that too much time is being spent with the techniques for your rank. It is important to concentrate on the requirements as stated and not jump ahead. This art is cumulative. As you move up in rank, you are responsible for all of the material learned previously, and you may be called upon to demonstrate any of that material.
6) Financial Obligations
It is the responsibility of the student to make sure all dues, registration fees, and testing fees are paid in a timely manner.
  • Class dues are payable the Last Week of the month, for the following month.
  • Registration fees are paid when the application to join the class is completed.
  • Testing fees are due one week prior to the test date.
If a student or family is having financial difficulty, rather than having the student drop out, talk with the instructor so something can be worked out.
History of Tang Soo Do
Tang Soo Do is a martial art that means “the way of the hand of Tang”(sometimes translated as “Art of the Knife Hand.”) Different fighting styles developed in different regions of the world and took generations to evolve. People had to develop personal fighting skills in order to defend themselves against their enemies.
Development of Tang Soo Do in Korea
The history of the martial arts can be traced back almost the beginning of time. It is impossible to determine the exact birthplace of Tang Soo Do or any other martial art. The need for self-protection developed in many places and was perfected into different systems by the people who practiced the art.
As part of the general Chinese cultural invasion of the Korean peninsula, Buddhism was introduced into the Northern Kingdom of Koguryo in the fourth century.
The monks did a great deal of traveling, and to protect themselves they practiced specialized hand and foot techniques known at that time as Soo Bahk and Tae Kyun. These fighting arts were purely Korean in origin and gradually included the Chinese martial art of Kwon Bop, which was introduced to Korea in 520 A.D.
In 1934, Japanese archeologists discovered two royal tombs (Muyong Chong and Kakchu Chong). The tombs were believed to have been erected between 3 A.D. and 427 A.D., and mural paintings in the tombs portray scenes of unarmed combat. The trim on our uniforms (do bahk) is derived from the same training clothes as these ancient warriors.
In the year 540 A.D. a new monarch, 24th king of the Silla Dynasty, King Chinhung came to power. One of the most significant contributions was the creation of the art of Hwa Rang Dan.
King Chinhung called upon his greatest Buddhist monk, Won Kwang Bopsa, to develop a system of martial arts in harmony with the laws of nature and embodied in the symbol of the yin and yang. Based on Won Kwang Bopsa’s concept of the unity of opposites, the institution of the Hwa Rang Do, or the “way of flowering manhood,” nurtured young men into model warrior-intellectuals who influenced Korean history for many centuries. These models of martial chivalry lived a code that evolved into a system.
KWAN JANG NIM- Grand Master
The Grand Master of Tang Soo Do is Grand Master Hwang Kee. He was a master of Soo Bahk Do and Tae Kyun Do by the age of 22. In 1936, Master Kee traveled to northern China where he encountered a Chinese variation of martial artistry called the Tang Method of Kung Fu. He studied this fighting system from 1936-1945 and combined it with Soo Bahk Do to develop what we now call Tang Soo Do. Grand Master Hwang Kee began teaching Tang Soo Do in Seoul, Korea in the fall of 1945 and has been the driving force behind the spread of Tang Soo Do throughout the world.
Tang Soo Do Philosophy
Tang Soo Do is a classical martial art and not a sport. It is not a game to be played solely for the sake of winning, but rather a physical and intellectual activity designed to foster physical, mental, and spiritual health. As a classical martial art, Tang Soo Do aims to develop and express the individual’s true self. Our code of conduct is divided into ten rules and nine virtues:

Creeds of Moo Duk Kwan

Be loyal to your country.
Be obedient to your parents.
Be loving to one’s husband or wife.
Be cooperative with your brothers and sisters.
Be respectful to your elders.
Be faithful to your teacher.
Be faithful to friends.
Kill only in justice and with honor.
Never retreat in battle.
Always finish what you start.

Nine Virtues

Humility Justice Courtesy
Wisdom Trust Goodness
Courage Virtue Loyalty
The Code of Tang Soo Do
Our code of conduct defines how we conduct ourselves and what we strive for as human beings. The Code of Tang Soo Do defines what we should strive for as students and how we should practice our art in order to become better over time.
Concentration
Stop trivial thoughts and concentrate on movement, as if facing a difficult enemy or challenge. By making the mind void of thoughts one can gain a natural meditative state. There must be concentration of spirit and will.
Patience and Endurance
If one’s mind is made up to learn, then there will be success. Nothing can be learned without patience, while endurance is part of the price one must pay to gain the knowledge. Wisdom proves that nothing of value is worth learning if there is not sacrifice. Knowledge will come only to those who have the patience to sacrifice, to endure the pain and realize humility.
Sincerity in Practice
If one does not practice regularly, then one should not face the enemy or confront a challenge. Perfection of techniques requires deeply ingrained habits, and a mental attitude of thoroughness. The time spent in the dojang is precious little in comparison to the time spent on the outside. Perfection in the martial arts is like a jewel. It is merely a rough stone until polished. If it is not polished, no one will know its inner beauty. Training polishes the raw talent into fine movement.
Speed
Judge the chance and take the opportunity. Take the first opportunity and be quicker than the opponent. Every technique requires speed. There are counter defenses to all known offenses. Therefore, techniques must be done with great speed and efficiency. Speed is also related to calmness. With a calm mind, one is free from hesitation.
Conservation of Energy
The inner force (Chi) is concealed until it is released. Perhaps the most difficult aspect of the martial arts to master is to learn how to conserve energy and to relax while under stress. Chi cannot be released if the body is stricken with inner tension and fear.
Respect and Obedience
All things in nature operate according to rules. Mankind is one with nature. In every martial art there are aspects which make it dangerous. To assume the responsibility of learning martial arts requires maturity, integrity, and character. One of the most essential tests of character is whether the student is humble enough to subordinate his/her own personal ego to the rules of the dojang and respect the seriousness of his/her new powers. The martial arts are not a store-bought item that one is entitled to because the lessons were purchased. The burden is too great, the reflection larger than the individual. All martial arts schools should operate according to the ethical codes of respect and obedience.
Humility
In quiet places, reason abounds. In quiet people there is vision and purpose. Many things are revealed to the humble that are hidden from the vain. Large egos are carried by small minds. Humility is to make the right estimate of one’s self. One martial art may have 4000 techniques. Assuming a student learned one new technique every day, it would take 10 years to simply be exposed to them, let alone master them. Such a course is not likely, but it is to illustrate that when a fish is in a bowl, the bowl seems to be the whole world. We are only a microcosm in an infinite universe.
General Protocol
It is the responsibility of lower ranks to keep the Dojang clean.
Students should arrive 10-15 prior to the scheduled class time. Students who come to class late should bow in to the dojang and wait at the door for the Instructor to acknowledge them. Stretch out in the back of the class, if necessary. When ready to join the class, stand in the back of the room at attention, until recognized by the Instructor, at which point you should ask permission to join the class and apologize for your tardiness.
Upon entering the dojang, all students should come to attention, salute the flags, and then bow to the Instructor’s present. Students should then bow and appropriately greet any instructors and/or seniors who are in the dojang. Students should always salute the flags and bow anytime that they enter or leave the dojang.
Jewelry should not be worn during training. This is to insure your safety as well as your training partners. The only exceptions are wedding rings and specific jewelry of religious value. Tape and/or band-aids are to be placed over earrings that cannot be removed.
There should be no unnecessary talking or noise during class. During class, students should speak only when recognized by the instructor in charge, and should pay attention to all directions given by any instructors. All directions given by a senior rank should be acknowledged by a strong “Yes Sir!” or “Yes Ma’am!”
Smoking, drinking, eating or chewing gum in the dojang is not permitted (drinks may be taken, discreetly, in one area of the dojang, but not on the main floor, and only at the discretion of the Instructor.)
Never disturb a class in progress except in an emergency.
When seated on the floor, students should sit up properly, either on their knees, or with their legs crossed.
Disagreements or problems with any instructors or students should be brought to the attention of the senior instructor in charge.
Students should never be boastful or bullying. Fighting outside of the dojang will not be tolerated, except in the case of self-defense.
When the class is ordered to line up, each student must quickly find the correct position in class according to their rank and seniority. Attention to seniority must be properly displayed during all training procedures.
Counting should be done in Korean, if a student does not know Korean counting one must take responsibility and learn them.
During sparring appropriate protective gear must be worn. No one should be sparring without the permission of an Instructor.
There will be NO horseplay in the Dojang AT ANY TIME.
Do not engage in any activities that might degrade the code of Tang Soo Do ethics, or the reputation of the school.
Minimum attendance requirements must be met before ANY student will be considered to test for their next rank.
At NO point in time should a student lean on the walls or sit down without the Instructor’s permission
When asked to proceed to a position, or lining up at the beginning of training or for some reason during training, ALWAYS move as quickly and quietly as possible. DO NOT STROLL.
After a test, please do NOT ask your instructors when you will be receiving your ranks
Bathroom breaks are not encouraged
It is not courteous to higher ranks to be secretly learning or performing higher ranking techniques. The time allotted to learn one’s material was set for a reason. Please do not attempt to learn upper materials on your own.
Uniforms (Do bahk)
Fingernails and toenails should be kept clean and cut short to prevent injury to yourself and others.
Uniforms should be kept clean and neat and treated with respect. Uniforms are given to you white and unripped…they should remain that way.
Belts should NEVER touch the floor, and they should also never be washed or written on. Also, belts should NEVER be worn outside the training area.
Full uniforms are required for all classes and events, unless otherwise stated. If a student shows up with any one piece of their uniform missing they are expected to line up at the very end of the line no matter what rank they hold.
T-Shirts or tank tops should be worn under all uniforms. Colors permitted are white, the color of your rank, or any MacDermott’s/Precision TSD T-Shirt.
Upon completing a day of training, one must either fold their uniform with their belt around it, or place it in a bag or on a hanger.
Dealing with Seniors/Instructors
Students should always address Instructors and Masters by their proper title(Kyo Sa Nim, or Sah Bum Nim) as they have rightfully earned these ranks. While regular black belts should be addressed as Mr./Ms./Mrs. followed by their last name.
Always respond “Yes, Sir / No, Ma’am ” when answering to dan members. Always obey all directions from instructors, and never question their authority.
If students have questions during class, they should raise their hands and wait to be acknowledged. Then they should walk over to the instructor, bow, and ask their question. Students should stand at attention when talking to the instructor. Students should never interrupt an instructor, or call an instructor over to him/her. Always ask senior belts questions first. If they cannot answer your question then go to an instructor.
Students should never talk out in class and should always remain quite while under instruction, especially doing partner work.
Students should never correct or argue with a senior belt. Students should never argue over techniques or procedures. If there is a question ask the senior belts or instructor. Students should obey all instructions of senior belts.
Never tie your belt or straighten your uniform while facing anyone, especially higher belts, or while facing the flags. Also, it is considered disrespectful to stand with your hands on your hips or with your arms crossed while in class.
Students must respect senior ranking members REGARDLESS OF AGE. They are your seniors and deserve ample respect.
Never teach or demonstrate Tang Soo Do outside of the dojang, without the permission of the instructor.
The first student to notice the arrival of an officially recognized Kyo Sa Nim or high rank or of a Sa Bum Nim must immediately call the class to attention. The senior student must then issue the commands to the class to bow to the Kyo Sa Nim or Sa Bom Nim.
Be prompt, do not be late.
Upon arriving, stretch out or practice quietly.
When your name is called stand up in place, respond with a loud “Yes Sir/ Ma’am, bow, and run to the spot you belong in.
Always respond to commands with yes sir/ma’am.
Drinks are not allowed. They are not necessary.
Do not bring food and do not chew gum.
Keep your uniform on at ALL times.
The only shirts worn under one’s Do Bahk are: White, the color of your belt, or a MacDermott’s/Precision Tang Soo Do T-Shirt.
Be respectful of those performing and do not talk.
If you have any problems or questions, raise your hand and the black belts helping out will come over and address your issue.
Upper ranks, please help out when you can. Ask if you can stretch out those testing or be of any other services.
ALL Black Belts and 1st Gups are expected to be at all tests and events, in FULL uniform. It is part of your testing requirements.
Uniform should be neat, and white. You should change when you arrive, bringing your uniform on a hanger, because they should be pressed.
No Jewelry should be worn, with the exception of wedding rings and specific items of religious value. Earrings that cannot be removed must have a band-aid or athletic tape over them.
Bow in and out of the gymnasium we are testing at. All gyms we test at are dojangs.
Be respectful to everyone, especially higher ranks. Address black belts as Mr/Ms/Mrs and Instructors by their titles, Kyo Sa Nim _________ or Sah Bum Nim ___________.
It is not suggested to sit near family or friends, it promotes talking and water breaks.
Everyone participating in the test MUST stay through the whole test unless otherwise stated by your Instructor.
Essential Korean Terminology
General Terminology
Dan: Rank of black belt
Gup: Rank of Color Belt under black
Do Bahk: Uniform
Dee: Belt
Kukgi: National Flag
Nim: a term of respect
Choong Bee: Ready
Shi jock: Begin
Dwi Ro Tora: Turn to the rear
Kyung Yet: Bow
Ku Ryung: Command
Ko Mahn: stop/finish
Shee Hap: Competition
Gi Cho: Basic Hyung: Form
Deh Ryun: Sparring
Ho Sin Sul: Self Defense
So Kee: Hand Technique
Jo Kee: Foot Technique
Kong Kyuk: Attack
Mahk Kee: Block
Cha Gi: Kick
Soo Do: Open Hand/ Chop
Il Soo Sik Dae Ryun: One Step Sparring
Ja Yu Dae Ryun: Free Sparring
Jua Deh Ryun: One Step Sparring in sitting position
Bong Dae Ryun: stick sparring
Kyuk Pa: Breaking
E Ryo Sut: stand up
Chun Man Ae Yo: you are welcome
Ahn Yung Ha Se Yo: hello, how are you(formal)
Ahn Yung He Ke Se Yo: Good Bye
Ahn Yung: Hello, how are you(informal)
Ji Kwan: Branch school
Joong Ahn Do Jang: Headquarters school
Ku Ryung Ae Mat Cho So: By the count
Ku Ryung Op Shi: Without the count
Wen Jok: left
O Rin Jok: right
Ee Dan: Jump
Dull Ryo: with rear leg
Kyuk Pa: breaking
Ki Hap: spirit yell
(Korean Terminology Continued…)
To Begin and End Class:
Cha Ryut: Attention
Kukgi Bae Rye: Salute to the flag
Ba Ro: Return
Ahn Jo: Sit Down
Shio: Relax/Rest
Kyung Yet: Bow
About The Art
Tang Soo Do: The Art we study. Also known as the Art of the Knife Hand.
Tang: From the Tang method of Chinese martial arts
Soo: From the ancient Korean martial art of Soo Bahk Do
Do: Way of Life
Moo: Martial art
Duk: A feeling of affection tempered with respect
Kwan: School
Soo Bahk Do: Hand Strike Way
The People
Grandmaster: Kwan Jang Nim
Master: Sah Bum Nim
Certified Instructor: Kyo Sa Nim
Senior Student: Sun Beh Nim
Examiner/Judge: Shim Sa Kwan
Partner: Kahng Ho Kan
Stances:
Choong Bee Ja Seh: Ready stance
Chun Gul Ja Seh: leaning/training stance
Hu Gul Ja Seh: fighting stance
Ki Ma Ja Seh: horse stance
Sa Ko Rip Ja Seh: open horse stance
Choi Ha Dan Ja Seh: low stance
Bahl Cha Gi Choong Be Ja Seh: Ready for kick stance
(Korean Terminology Continued…)
Hand Techniques(Soo Kee)
Kwon Do: hammer fist
Kwan Soo: spear hand
Kap Kwan: back fist
Jung Kwon: fore fist
Jang Kwon: palmstrike
Soo Do: knife hand
Yuk Soo Do: ridge hand
Ha Dan Mahk Kee: low block
Sang Dan Mahk Kee: high block
Ahneso Phakuro Mahk Kee: inside to outside block
Phakeso Ahnero Mahk Kee: outside to inside block
Ha Dan Soo Do: low chop
Choong Dan Soo Do: center chop
Sang Dan Soo Do: high chop
Ahneso Phakuro Soo Do: Inside to the out chop/Reverse chop
Phakeso Ahnero Soo Do: Outside to the inside chop
Choong Dan Kong Kyuk: center punch
Choong Dan Han Jin: side center punch
Choong Dan Yup Mahk Kee: side block
Sang Soo Mahk Kee: two-hand straight defense
Yuk Jin: knife hand defense to reverse punch in a fighting stance
Yuk Soo Mahk Kee: knife hand defense to reverse punch in a leaning stance
Sang Soo Ha Dan Mahk Kee: X-Block Low
Sang Soo Sang Dan Mahk Kee: X-Block High
Gyp Kye Sohn: Pliar Hand
E Jee Kong Kyuk: Two-finger jab
Foot Techniques(Jok Gi)
Ahp Cha Gi: front kick
Yup Cha Gi: side kick
Dwi Cha Gi: back kick
Dull Ryo Cha Gi: round kick
Ahneso Phakuro Cha Gi: inside to outside kick
Phakeso Ahnero Cha Gi: outside to inside kick
Chik Gi: ax kick
Bit Cha Gi: diagonal kick
Peet Cha Gi: reverse round kick
Moo Roop Cha Gi: knee kick
Dwi Hu Ryo Cha Gi: spinning wheel kick
Yup Hu Ryo Cha Gi: hook kick
***Adding Ee Dan to any kicking technique makes it a jump kick.
(Korean Terminology Continued…)
Counting:
One: Hana
Two: Tul
Three: Set
Four: Net
Five: Tasot
Six: Yosot
Seven: Ilgop
Eight: Yodol
Nine: Ahop
Ten: Yol
Eleven: Yul Ha Na
Twelve: Yul Tul
Thirteen: Yul Set
Fourteen: Yul Net
Fifteen: Yul Tasot
Sixteen: Yuh Yosot
Seventeen: Yul Il Gop
Eighteen: Yul Yodol
Nineteen: Yul Ahhop
Twenty: Sumul
Thirty: Sorun
Fourty: Mahun
Fifty: Shwin
Sixty: Yuhsun
Seventy: Irun
Eighty: Yodun
Ninety: Ahun
One Hundren: Paek
One Thousand: Chon
First: Il
Second: Ee
Third: Sam
Fourth: Sah
Fifth: Oh
Sixth: Yuk
Seventh: Chil
Eighth: Pal
Ninth: Ku
Tenth: Sip
(Korean Terminology Continued…)
Anatomy:
Pal: Arm
Bah: Foot
Chu Mok: Fist
Mok: Neck
Hu Ri: Waist
Da Ri: Leg
Soo or Sohn: Hand
Pal Koom: Elbow
Moo Roop: Knee
Noon: Eye
I Ma: Forehead
Tuck: Chin
Myung Chi: Solar Plexus
Striking/Blocking Areas:
Sang Dan: High part
Choong Dan: Middle Part
Ha Dan: Low Part
Ahp: Front
Yup: Side
Dwi: Back
Kup So: Vital Part
Philosophical/Spiritual:
Nae Kong: Internal Power Exercise
Weh Kong: External Power Exercise
Shim Kong: Spiritual Power Exercise
Chung Shin: Spirit
Dan Ryun: Polishing Mind and Body
Ryun Ma: Refining Self
Him: Power Force
Shi Sun: Focus of Eyes
Chung Shim: Balance
Ki Kong: Breathing Practice
Sun: Full Session of Meditation
Tang Soo Do Belt Ranking System/Time Requirements
White Belt Sip Gup 10th Gup 3 Months
White, traditionally symbolic of purity and innocence, represents the student of Tang Soo Do as a seed, freshly planted in the earth (10th and 9th Gups).
Yellow Belt Ku Gup 9th Gup 3 Months
Orange Belt Pal Gup 8th Gup 3 Months
Orange Belt with one stripe Chil Gup 7th Gup 3 Months
Yellow and orange represent the initial growth of the seed. Yellow and orange represent the second stage of physical and mental development.
Green Belt Yuk Gup 6th Green Belt Uniform Top Trimmed in Green 3 Months
Oh Gup 5th Green Belt with one stripe 3 Months
Sa Gup 4th Green Belt with two stripes 3 Months
Green is the color of life and vigor. Green is symbolic of the flourishing of the plant. It is during the Green Belt level that the most rapid development occurs (6th, 5th and 4th gups).
Red Belt Sam Gup 3rd Red Belt Uniform Top Trimmed in Red 3 Months
Ee Gup 2nd Red Belt with one stripe 3 Months
Il Gup 1st Red Belt with two stripes 3 Months
Red is the color of energy and vitality. It represents the flowering of a strong plant. The beauty of the plant at this stage is evident for all to see (3rd, 2nd and 1st Gups).
Yu Dan Ja Black Belt rank holders
Black Belt Cho Dan 1st degree Black Belt Uniform Top Trimmed in Back 1 Year
Ee Dan 2nd degree Black Belt 2 Years
Sam Dan 3rd degree Black Belt 3 Years
Ko Dan Ja Master’s rank holders
Sa Dan 4th degree Black Belt Black Belt with Red stripe through Center 4 Years
Oh Dan 5th degree Black Belt 5 Years
Yuk Dan 6th degree Black Belt 6 Years
Chil Dan 7th degree Black Belt 7 Years
Pal Dan 8th degree Black Belt 8 Years
Ku Dan 9th degree Black Belt 9 Years
Black is the color of the evening sky. It is a goal that the plant strives to reach yet may never attain.
Black symbolizes infinity and perfection. It is this quest for perfection that epitomizes
Tang Soo Do.
A practitioner of Tang Soo Do must never be satisfied or complacent. Rather, he/she must continually strive to be better.
Testing Requirements

10th Gup to 9th Gup

(White Belt to Yellow Belt)
The emphasis of the testing at this level is to be able to apply basic techniques, show good spirit, and to demonstrate an ability to work with a partner as well as an individual.
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, kicks and Korean terminology for those techniques.
B) Knowledge of the general rules of class conduct, basic principles of Tang Soo Do and Philosophy and Relationships of Belt colors.
Nine Virtues Creeds of Moo Duk Kwan
Humility Be loyal to your country.
Justice Be obedient to your parents.
Courtesy Be loving to one’s husband or wife.
Wisdom Be cooperative with your brothers.
Trust Be respectful to your elders.
Goodness Be faithful to your teacher.
Courage Be faithful to friends.
Virtue Kill only in justice and with honor.
Loyalty Never retreat in battle.
Always finish what you start.
C) One step punches and kicks 1-3
D) Basic form 1 – Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu
E) Demonstration of beginning level free sparring with excellent control.
F) Philosophy and relationships of the Belt Color and training to nature.

9th Gup to 8th Gup

(Yellow Belt to Orange Belt)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on development of strength and focus.
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, kicks and Korean terminology for those techniques.
B) General History of Tang Soo Do.
C) Meanings of the symbols of the American and Korean Flags.
D) One Step Punches and Kicks 1 – 6
E) Basic form 1 – Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu
Basic form 2 – Gi Cho Hyung Ee Bu
F) Demonstration of free sparring with excellent control and beginning combination moves.

8th Gup to 7th Gup

(Orange Belt to Orange Belt w/1 Green Stripe)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on timing and coordination of leg and body movements.
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, and kicks and Korean terminology for those techniques.
B) General History of Tang Soo Do.
C) Meanings of the symbols of the American and Korean Flags and of the Moo Duk Kwan Emblem.
D) One Step Punches and Kicks 1 – 9
E) Basic form 1 – Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu
Basic form 2 – Gi Cho Hyung Ee Bu
Basic form 3 – Gi Cho Hyung Sam Bu
F) Demonstration of free sparring with excellent control and additional combination moves.

7th Gup to 6th Gup

(Orange Belt w/1 Green Stripe to Green Belt)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is accuracy, speed, focus, balance and combinations.
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, kicks and Korean terminology for those techniques. General knowledge and ability in all lower Gup techniques.
B) History of Tang Soo Do and culture of martial arts.
C) Intermediate self defense.
D) Basic jumping kicks.
E) All lower Gup terminology and the definition of Pyung Ahn (Peaceful Confidence).
F) One Step Punches 1 – 12
G) Basic form 1 – Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu
Basic form 2 – Gi Cho Hyung Ee Bu
Basic form 3 – Gi Cho Hyung Sam Bu
Form 4 – Pyung Ahn Cho Dan
H) Demonstration of free sparring with excellent control.

6th Gup to 5th Gup

(Green Belt to Green Belt w/1 Red Stripe)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on applying body to techniques.
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, kicks and Korean terminology for those
techniques. General knowledge and ability in all lower Gup techniques.
B) History of Tang Soo Do and culture of martial arts.
C) Intermediate self defense.
D) Basic jumping kicks
E) All lower Gup terminology and the definition of Pyung Ahn (Peaceful Confidence).
F) One Step Punches and Kicks 1 – 15
G) Basic form 1 – Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu
Basic form 2 – Gi Cho Hyung Ee Bu
Basic form 3 – Gi Cho Hyung Sam Bu
Form 4 – Pyung Ahn Cho Dan
Form 5 – Pyung Ahn Ee Dan
H) Demonstration of free sparring with excellent control

5th Gup to 4th Gup

(Green Belt w/1 Red Stripe to Green Belt w/2 Red Stripes)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on knowledge of the mechanics of arm locks, arm bars, grappling, etc., and jumping kicks.
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, kicks and Korean terminology for those techniques. General knowledge and ability in all lower Gup techniques.
B) History of Tang Soo Do and culture of martial arts.
C) Intermediate self defense.
D) Jumping kicks
E) All lower Gup terminology and the definition of Pyung Ahn (Peaceful Confidence).
F) One Step Punches and Kicks 1 – 18
G) Basic form 1 – Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu
Basic form 2 – Gi Cho Hyung Ee Bu
Basic form 3 – Gi Cho Hyung Sam Bu
Form 4 – Pyung Ahn Cho Dan
Form 5 – Pyung Ahn Ee Dan
Form 6 – Pyung Ahn Sam Dan
H) Demonstration of free sparring with excellent control.

4th Gup to 3rd Gup

(Green Belt w/2 Red Stripes to Red Belt)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on development of speed, advanced arm locks, and spinning kicks. Preparing for Black Belt Responsibilities begins at this level.
1) Knowledge of and ability in all lower Gup level techniques.
2) Further development of Tang Soo Do and martial spirit and attitude.
3) Advanced Self Defense
4) Stamina training, continuation of jumping training.
5) Assistance in teaching and development of leadership qualities.
6) Contribution to the School and promotion of the art.
7) Specific terminology and knowledge (Bassai: Breaking into a Fortress)
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, kicks and Korean terminology for those techniques. General knowledge and ability in all lower Gup techniques.
B) History of Tang Soo Do and culture of martial arts.
C) Advanced self defense.
D) Jumping kicks.
E) All lower Gup terminology and the definition of Pyung Ahn (Peaceful Confidence).
F) One Step Punches and Kicks 1 – 21
G) Basic Forms 1-3
Form 4–7(Pyung Ahn Cho Dan through Pyung Ahn Sah Dan)
H) Demonstration of free sparring with excellent control.

3rd Gup to 2nd Gup

(Red Belt to Red Belt w/1 Black Stripe)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on countering, sweeping techniques, jumping and spinning kicks.
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, kicks and Korean terminology for those techniques. General knowledge and ability in all lower Gup techniques.
B) History of Tang Soo Do and culture of martial arts.
C) Advanced self defense.
D) Jumping kicks.
E) All lower Gup terminology and the definition of Pyung Ahn (Peaceful Confidence).
F) One Step Punches and Kicks 1 – 24
H) Basic Form 1-3
Form 4-8(Pyung Ahn Cho Dan through Pyung Ahn Oh Dan)
Bassai So
I)Demonstration of free sparring with excellent control.
J) Attendance at Red Belt/Black Belt Class

2nd Gup to 1st Gup

(Red Belt w/1 Black Stripe to Red Belt w/2 Black Stripes)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on countering using combinations, jump spinning and turning techniques.
A) All basic line drills consisting of blocks, punches, kicks and Korean terminology for those techniques. General knowledge and ability in all lower Gup techniques.
B) History of Tang Soo Do and culture of martial arts.
C) Advanced self defense.
D) Jumping kicks.
E) All lower Gup terminology and the definition of Pyung Ahn (Peaceful Confidence).
F) One Step Punches and Kicks 1 – 27
G) Basic form 1 – Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu
Basic form 2 – Gi Cho Hyung Ee Bu
Basic form 3 – Gi Cho Hyung Sam Bu
Form 4 – Pyung Ahn Cho Dan
Form 5 – Pyung Ahn Ee Dan
Form 6 – Pyung Ahn Sam Dan
Form 7 – Pyung Ahn Sah Dan
Form 8 – Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
Bassai So
Bassai Dae
H) Demonstration of free sparring with excellent control.
I) Attendance at Red Belt/Black Belt Classes

General Requirements For All Dan Ranks

1) Knowledge of and ability in all Gup level requirements.
2) Good knowledge of martial arts philosophy, protocol, culture and history. Understanding of proper Tang Soo Do spirit, discipline, respect, and attitude.
3) Teaching ability in Tang Soo Do.
4) Contribution to the promotion of Tang Soo Do through continued leadership development (e.g. assisting teaching, helping or service).
5) Culture and terminology of all lower level requirements.
6) Regular support of all Tang Soo Do events offered.
7) Demonstration of Physical Ability.
8) No Age requirement.

Expectations and Responsibilities of Students Achieving the Rank of Black Belt

  • Black Belts under the age of 18 will be expected to attend and participate in class regularly. These students will be utilized to assist in teaching but will not be eligible to become certified instructors until their 18th birthday.
  • All Black Belts who are not assigned as regular instructors will continue to pay class dues.
  • Black Belts are expected to assist in the operations of the school when asked. Black Belts over the age of 18 will be asked to cover a class for an instructor from time to time. We all have responsibilities outside of the dojang , whether it be family , work, or other interests. Understand that giving back of oneself to the school demonstrates a desire and commitment to the continuation of the art of Tang Soo Do, and insures that it will continue to be here for the next generation and for the years to come.
  • All Black Belts are expected to assist in the organizing of events planned/run by Precision Tang Soo Do( This includes, but isn’t limited to: Tests and Pre-Tests, Demonstrations, Seminars, Tournaments and Meetings.) They are also expected to participate enthusiastically.
  • All Black Belts are expected to be role models for students enrolled at Precision Tang Soo Do. They are expected to abide by the Code of Tang Soo Do and to assist anyone who desires to learn the art.

1st Gup to 1st Dan

(Red Belt w/2 Black Stripes to Black Belt)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on the ability to demonstrate and teach all Gup level techniques.
Mandatory – Attendance for 1 year at Red Belt / Black Belt class prior to testing. The Red Belt/Black Belt Class tracking sheet must be completed.
Mandatory – Satisfactory scoring on 2 black belt pre-tests of the material below:
1) Knowledge of and ability in all Gup level requirements.
2) One step sparring: Candidate for Black Belt should demonstrate the ability to develop his or her own one step punches and kicks in addition to punches 1-30 and kicks 1-30.
3) Hyungs: Required performance of:
  • Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu, Ee Bu, and Sam Bu
  • Pyung Ahn Cho Dan – Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
  • Bassai So
  • Bassai Dae
  • Naihanji Cho Dan
  • Staff Form 1
4) Free Sparring: Concentration on stamina and control.
5) Breaking requirements: Specific techniques at the discretion of the board of examiners. (3 stage break)
6) Time requirement: Minimum of 12 months of active participation as a 1st Gup. Any and all time off taken in this year must be made up.
7) Jumping Kicks: Demonstration at face level of:
  • Jump front with the front foot
  • Jump round
  • Jump inside to outside
  • Jump outside to inside
  • Flying side kick
  • Jump back kick
  • Jump spinning back(stiff-legged) or Jump reverse hook kick
8) Self Defense: Knowledge of and ability in all Gup level self defense.
9) Stamina test: 100 punches in 30 seconds

1st Dan to 2nd Dan

(Black Belt to Black Belt w/2 Stripes)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on further development of leadership qualities (e.g setting proper example) and demonstration of self-confidence and ability to take command.
1) Knowledge of and ability in all Gup level requirements.
2) One step sparring: Black Belt punches and kicks.
3) Hyungs: Required performance of:
  • Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu – Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
  • Bassai So, Bassai Dae
  • Ship Soo
  • Nai Naihanji Cho Dan, Ee Dan
  • Jin Do
  • Staff Form 2
4) Free Sparring: Against two opponents.
5) Breaking requirements: Double jump front (split) through 1 board with each leg
6) Time requirement: Minimum of 2 years of active participation as a 1st Dan. Any and all time taken off in those two years must be made up.
7) No Age requirement.
8) Jumping Kicks: Demonstration at face level of:
  • Jump front with the front foot
  • Jump round
  • Jump inside to outside
  • Jump outside to inside
  • Flying side kick
  • Jump back kick
  • Jump spinning back(stiff-legged) or Jump reverse hook kick
9) Self Defense: Knowledge of and ability in all Gup level self defense and self defense against a knife.
10) Stamina test: 50 front kicks in 30 seconds.
11) A formal written paper is required on some aspect of Tang Soo Do (Topic assigned by Instructor or Master).
12) Candidate must have conducted formal classes.

2nd Dan to 3rd Dan

(Black Belt w/2 Stripes to Black Belt w/3 Stripes)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on further development of leadership qualities (e.g. setting proper example) and on participation in coordination of School events (e.g. demonstrations, speaking engagements, self-defense seminars, charitable fund raising etc.)
1) Knowledge of and ability in all lower rank requirements.
2) One step sparring: Black Belt punches and kicks.
3) Hyungs: Required performance of:
  • Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu – Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
  • Bassai So, Bassai Dae
  • Ship Soo
  • Nai Naihanji Cho Dan, Ee Dan, Sam Dan
  • Jin Do
  • Ra Hai
  • Staff Form 3
4) Free Sparring: Discretion of judges.
5) Breaking requirements: Flying side kick, 2 boards over 3 people
6) Time requirement: Minimum of 3 years of active participation as a 2nd Dan. Any and all time taken off in those two years must be made up.
7) Age requirement: 18 years of age.
8) Jumping Kicks: Demonstration at face level of:
  • Jump front with the front foot
  • Jump round
  • Jump inside to outside
  • Jump outside to inside
  • Flying side kick
  • Jump back kick or Jump turning back kick
  • Jump spinning back(stiff-legged) or Jump reverse hook kick
9) Self Defense: Self defense against a sword.
10) Stamina test: 60 jumping front kicks in 30 seconds.
11) Candidate must have conducted formal classes and have experience with administration of a school.

3rd Dan to 4th Dan (Master)

(Black Belt w/3 Stripes to Black Belt w/Red Stripe through center)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on further development of leadership qualities (e.g. setting proper example) and on participation in coordination of School events and general contribution to Tang Soo Do (e.g. demonstrations, speaking engagements, self-defense seminars, charitable fund raising etc.)
1) Knowledge of and ability in all lower rank requirements.
2) One step sparring: Seated punches and kicks.
3) Hyungs: Required performance of:
  • Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu – Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
  • Bassai So, Bassai Dae
  • Ship Soo
  • Nai Naihanji Cho Dan, Ee Dan, Sam Dan
  • Jin Do
  • Ra Hai
  • Kong Sang Koon
  • Staff Form 4
  • Dan Gum Hyung (Knife Form)
4) Free Sparring: Discretion of judges.
5) Breaking requirements: Discretion of judges.
6) Time requirement: Minimum of 4 years of active participation as a 3rd Dan. Any and all time taken off in those two years must be made up.
7) Age requirement: 21 years of age.
8) Jumping Kicks: Demonstration at face level of:
  • Jump front with the front foot
  • Jump round
  • Jump inside to outside
  • Jump outside to inside
  • Flying side kick
  • Jump back kick or Jump turning back kick
  • Jump spinning back(stiff-legged) or Jump reverse hook kick
9) Self Defense: Discretion of judges.
10) Stamina test: 30 jumping crescent kicks in 30 seconds with each leg or 15 squat thrusts/push up/front kick in 30 seconds.
11) Candidate will have conducted formal clinic on a subject mutually agreed upon with his/her instructor.
12) Candidate must have conducted formal classes and have experience with administration of a school.
13) Demonstration of a high degree of loyalty to Tang Soo Do and to Precision Tang Soo Do.

4th Dan to 5th Dan (Master)

(Belt remains the same Master Belt)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on further development of leadership qualities (e.g. setting proper example) and on participation in coordination of School events and general contribution to Tang Soo Do (e.g. demonstrations, speaking engagements, self defense seminars, charitable fund raising)
1) Knowledge of and ability in all lower rank requirements.
2) One step sparring: Seated punches and kicks.
3) Hyungs: Required performance of:
  • Sei San
  • Wang Shu
Performance of additional forms may be requested at the discretion of the board of examiners.
4) Time requirement: Minimum of 5 years of active participation as a 4th Dan.
5) Demonstration of a high degree of loyalty to Tang Soo Do, and to Precision Tang Soo Do.
6) Active involvement in the administration of all events.

5th Dan to 6th Dan (Master)

(Belt remains the same Master Belt)
The emphasis for testing at this rank is on further development of leadership qualities (e.g. setting proper example) and on participation in coordination of School events and general contribution to Tang Soo Do (e.g. demonstrations, speaking engagements, self defense seminars, charitable fund raising)
1) Knowledge of and ability in all lower rank requirements.
2) Hyungs: Required performance of:
  • Jion
Performance of additional forms may be requested at the discretion of the board of examiners.
3) Time requirement: Minimum of 5 years of active participation as a 5th Dan.
4) Demonstration of a high degree of loyalty to Tang Soo Do, and to Precision Tang Soo Do.
5) Active involvement in the planning and administration of all events.

MOO DUK KWAN SYMBOL

Laurel Leaves
The fourteen leaves on each side represent the fourteen states of South Korea and the advancement of peace.
The Six Seeds
Three on each side indicate the world and represent the six continents in which, Tang Soo Do is studied.
The Fist
Represents power and justice and might for right.
The Middle Character
The character in the center of the circle means “Moo” for Moo Duk Kwan. Moo means “Stop Conflict” or “Power and Justice”.
The left and right characters
The character to the left of Moo means “Tang,” and the character on the right of Moo means “Soo”.
The deep blue color of the emblem represents the three oceans and Black Belts.
As a whole, the emblem symbolizes the spreading of Moo Duk Kwan throughout the world. Moo Duk Kwan is an international institution, and, as the emblem symbolizes, it aims to achieve the objectives of peace and human advancement.

THE AMERICAN FLAG

The Meaning of the American Flag
The flag of the United States of America stands for the land, the people, the government, and the ideals of the United States no matter where or when it is displayed. Each individual section of the flag has a particular meaning as well.
The thirteen alternating red and white stripes represent the thirteen original colonies. The union, located in the upper left corner, is comprised of white stars on a blue field symbolizing a new constellation in the heavens. In general, the stars on the American flag depict unity, and the American flag displays one star for each of the fifty states.
The three colors on the flag were also chosen for their meaning. Red signifies courage and hardness; white stands for purity and innocence; and blue symbolizes vigilance, perseverance and justice.
The U.S. flag should occupy a place of prominence when being displayed. No other flags displayed with it should be larger or hung higher than the U.S. flag. In addition, the U.S. flag should not be allowed to touch the ground, nor should it be dipped to any other flag, person or object.
When displayed on a wall, the flag should be placed with the union in the upper left corner as the audience faces the flag and should be above and behind the speakers’ podium.
Place the American flag to the right of any podium (the Audience’s left) when displaying the U.S. flag in the Dojang – Place the Korean flag to the left of any podium (Audience’s right)

THE KOREAN FLAG

The Meaning of the Korean Flag
The Korean flag represents many ancient philosophies of the oriental culture. The circle located in the center of the flag is the symbol for infinity. The upper red section is called the Yang while the lower blue section is called the Yin.
Yin and Yang represent opposites as in night and day, male and female, good and evil, life and death, etc. Within this sphere there is constant movement with the positives and negatives continuously replacing each other. Throughout this never-ending cycle, balance and harmony are achieved.
In each corner of the flag a set of three lines further exemplify opposites and balance. The three unbroken lines in the upper left corner represent heaven. In the lower right hand corner, the three broken lines represent earth. The two broken lines surrounding a solid line in the upper right corner symbolize water. The two solid lines surrounding a broken line in the lower left corner symbolize fire.

BELT PHILOSOPHIES

WHITE BELT
Animal- Tiger
Season- Winter
Element- Metal
Meaning- New, Potential
GREEN BELT
Animal- Dragon
Season- Spring
Element- Wood
Meaning- Starting To Grow
RED BELT
Animal- Bird
Season- Summer
Element- Fire
Meaning- Hot, Energetic, Agile
BLACK BELT
Animal- Turtle
Season- Autumn
Element- Water
Meaning- Maturity, Wisdom

Tang Soo Do Hyungs (Forms) and Meaning

Tang Soo Do Hyungs (Forms) begin with basic movements and build carefully through months and years to some of the most advanced techniques in martial arts. Gi Cho Hyungs (Basic Forms) are a series of movements that include a block and punch at each of four corners of the Hyung.
Kwan Jang Nim Hwang Kee created the Tang Soo Do Gi Cho Hyungs (Basic Forms) in 1947. Each basic Hyung has 22 movements.
Name Korean Name Meaning Animal Rep.
Basic Form 1 Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu Basic Form None
Basic Form 2 Gi Cho Hyung E Bu Basic Form None
Basic Form 3 Gi Cho Hyung Sam Bu Basic Form None
Pyung Ahn Form 1 Pyung Ahn Cho Dan Peaceful Confidence Turtle
Pyung Ahn Form 2 Pyung Ahn Ee Dan Peaceful Confidence Turtle
Pyung Ahn Form 3 Pyung Ahn Sam Dan Peaceful Confidence Turtle
Pyung Ahn Form 4 Pyung Ahn Sa Dan Peaceful Confidence Turtle
Pyung Ahn Form 5 Pyung Ahn Oh Dan Peaceful Confidence Turtle
Bassai-So Bassai-So Breaking into a Fortress Small Serpent
Bassai-Dae Bassai-Dae Breaking into a Fortress Large Serpent
Naihanchi Form 1 Naihanchi Cho Dan Instrument of Iron Warrior on a horse/ Man in Armor
Naihanchi Form 2 Naihanchi Ee Dan Instrument of Iron Warrior on a horse/ Man in Armor
Naihanchi Form 3 Naihanchi Sam Dan Instrument of Iron Warrior on a horse/ Man in Armor
Ship Soo Form Ship Soo Ten Hands Bear
Jin Do Form Jin Do Attack and Retreat Crane
Ra Hai/Lo Hai Form Ra Hai/Lo Hai Breaking/Demo Form None
Kong Sang Koon Form Kong Sang Koon Air & The Universe Beyond The Eagle (Named after Chinese General)
Sha Sun Form Sha Sun Praying Mantis
Won Shu Form Won Shu Bird

Hand and Foot Combinations for Black Belt Testing

Soo Kee Jo Kee
Ha Dan MahkoTora Choong Dan Kong Kyuk Sang Dan Mahk Kee Low defense leaning stanceOpposite center punch leaning stanceHigh defense leaning stance
Choong Dan Kong KyukTora Choong Dan Kong KyukAhneso Phakuro Mahk Kee Center punchOpposite center punchInside/outside block
Choong Dan Hwing Jing Kong KyukHoo Kool Yup MahkoSang Soo Ha Dan Mahk Kee Side center punchSide block fighting stance2 hand X block low
Chon Kool Sang Soo MahkoTora Choong Dan Kong KyukHa Dan Soo Do Mahk Kee 2 hand straight defense leaning stanceOpposite center punchLow chop block fighting stance
Ha Dan Soo Do Mahk KeeTora Kwan Soo Kong KyukPhakeso Sang Dan Soo Do Kong Kyuk Low chop block fighting stanceOpposite spearhand centerOutside/inside open hand high chop strike
Phakeso Ahno Ro Mahk KeeTora So Phakeso Ahno Ro MahkoSang Soo Hoo Kool Yup Mahk Kee Outside/inside block leaning stanceOpposite outside/inside block2 hand side block fighting stance
Yuk Soo Kong KyukSoo Do Choong Dan MahkoSang Dan Mahk Kee Center chop to center punch leaning stanceCenter chop blockHigh defense
Dwi Cha GoSang Dan MahkoTora Choong Dan Kong KyukHa Dan Soo Do Mahk Kee Back kickHigh defenseOpposite center punchLow chop fighting stance
Ahp Cha GoDull Ryo Cha GoDwi Cha Gi Front kickRound kickBack kick
Dull Ryo Yap Cha GoDwi Cha GoDull Ryo Cha Gi Side kickBack kickRound kick
Dull Ryo Cha GoEe Dan Ahp Cha GoDwi Cha Gi Round kickJump front kickBack kick
Ahp Cha GoEe Dan Ahp Cha GoDwi Cha Gi Front kickJump front kickBack kick
***Note: The Root endings of the Korean terms change due to them being apart of a series. The only time in which the root endings change is when the term is followed by another term.

Il Soo Sik Dae Ryun – One Step Punch&Kick Techniques

Perform all IL Soo Sik Dae Ryun techniques with very light contact when blocking and no contact when striking or kicking, but exhibiting good control by coming close. The student should ki hap (shout of spirit) while performing their technique. (All techniques should be performed from the right and left sides) One steps should begin with the two partners “matching up” by touching knuckles to get the correct and safe distance they need to perform each of the techniques.(Note: This should be done every time you do a one-step punch or kick technique.) Also when doing kicking, the partner that steps back in a low defense should take an extra, half step back before going into a low defense.
                                  Punches                                                                                              Kicks
1. Step into a left front stance and simultanesouly                   1. Perform a right front kick, and land into a
    Perform a left high defense. Follow up immediately                 leaning stance performing a high punch followed
    with a right face punch or center punch.                                      by an alternate punch to the solar plexus.
2. Step into a right front stance at a 45-degree                         2. Perform a side kick to the ribs, chest, or head.
     angle simultaneously performing a left inside to outside        Follow up with two punches.
     block. Pivot immediately to the opposite front stance
     and perform a right center punch.
3. Step with the right foot into a horse stance                           3. Perform a right outside to inside crescent
     simultaneously performing a left chop block to                        kick blocking your opponent’s punch. Return
     the arm and a right lateral chop to the base of                          kick to your knee and then step into a right
     your opponent’s left ear.                                                                 horse stance delivering a right side center punch.
4. Step with the right foot into a horse stance                           4. Jump/skip side kick. Follow up with two
     simultaneously performing a right outside to                            applicable hand techniques.
     inside block. Fully load the right hand to the
     left hip and deliver a right backfist to the bridge
     of your opponent’s nose.
5. Skip to the outside of your opponent’s                                    5. Downward inside to outside crescent kick
     punch and perform a left palmstrike to the                                 blocking your opponent’s punch followed with
     elbow as you land in a horse stance. Now                                    a right uppercut.
     perform three rapid punches; a right and left
     punch to the opponent’s ribs and then a right
     punch to the base of the ear.
6. Skip to the outside of your opponent’s                                    6. Right round kick to opponent’s temple.
     punch and perform a left windmill block to the                         Follow up with two applicable hand techniques.
     wrist as you land in a horse stance. Perform
     a right reverse chop under the nose as you
     pivot into a left leaning stance.
Il Soo Sik Dae Ryun – One Step Punch&Kick Techniques Continued…
Punches Kicks
7. Step with the right foot inside into a horse                             7. Back kick with the left leg. Follow up with
     stance simultaneously performing a double                                two applicable hand techniques.
     chop block to your opponent’s wrist. Hold
    the wrist with your left hand while performing
    a right chop or elbow to the base of the right
    ear, follow with a right elbow to the base of the
    left ear.
8. Step into a left front leaning stance and                                 8. Jump front kick with the front foot, land in
     perform a left chop block. Follow with a right                           a front stance simultaneously performing a high
     lateral elbow first to the base of the opponent’s                         punch. Follow up with an alternate punch to
     left ear and then to the right ear. Follow with                            the solar plexus.
     a right uppercut punch to the solar- plexus.
9. Perform a right outside to inside block while                        9. Jump inside to outside crescent kick blocking
     balanced on the left foot. Continue by turning                           your opponent’s arm down. Follow with an
     your back to your opponent while stepping back                      uppercut to the bridge of the nose.
     into a left leaning stance. Finish by performing
     a left backfist to the opponent’s groin.
10. Skip to the outside of your opponent’s                                10. Right outside to inside crescent kick blocking
       punch and grab the shoulder with your left                               your opponent’s punch. Return foot to a load
       hand as you land in a horse stance. Pivot                                   and perform a right side kick. Follow up with two
       to a left front stance pulling your opponent                               applicable hand techniques.
       into a right uppercut to the ribs. Pivot in the
       opposite direction into a right leaning stance
       and pull your opponent down to expose their
       back. Pivot into a horse stance and deliver
       a right chop to the base of your opponent’s
       skull.
11. Step into a left front stance and deliver                                11. Right outside to inside crescent kick blocking
      a left chop block. Step through with your right                          your opponent’s punch. Return foot to floor and
      leg and perform a right sweep to the back of                              perform a left back kick. Follow up with two
      your opponent’s right leg; simultaneously                                  applicable hand techniques.
      striking him/her in the left shoulder with
      your right hand taking him/her down.
12. Step into a left front stance and deliver a                            12. Jump front kick with the rear foot. Follow up
       right chop block. Step through with your right                         with two applicable hand techniques.
       leg and perform a right sweep to the back of
       your opponent’s right leg; simultaneously striking
       him/her in their left shoulder with your right hand
       taking him/her down.
Il Soo Sik Dae Ryun – One Step Punch&Kick Techniques Continued…
Punches Kicks
13. Step into a left front stance and perform                             13. Right jump round kick a) Skipping in with the
       a left chop block. Throw a right finger jab to:                             front foot b) With the front foot c) With the back
       a) center b) throat c) eyes.                                                              foot. Follow up with two applicable hand
                                                                                                                     techniques.
14. Step into a left front stance while                                          14. Skip in to perform a left hook kick to your
       performing a left chop block to the inside of                              opponent’s temple. Follow up with two applicable
       the attack. Throw a right upward palm strike                            hand techniques.
       to your opponent’s nose, pull back and
       perform a right knife hand to your opponent’s
       groin.
15. Skip outside into a horse stance with a                                15. Left reverse round kick, step forward and
       left high defense and perform a scissors take                            perform a reverse chop to your opponent’s
      down with your arms. (Left hand across the                               temple.
      chest, right hand behind the opponent’s right
      knee.)
      ***NOTE: Do Not Take Your Partner Down.
16. Perform a right chop to the outside of                                 16. Flying side kick. Follow up with two applicable
       the attack while stepping into a right fighting                           hand techniques.
       stance continuing into a right front stance.
       Simultaneously, perform a left chop to the
       outside of your opponent’s right knee.
17. Step into a left fighting stance performing                          17. Jump back kick. Follow up with two applicable
      a left chop block to the inside of the attack.                               Hand techniques.
     Move your left foot into a horse stance and
     perform a wrap around arm lock and hold.
     Slide your right foot up into a Choong bee
     stance and throw a right uppercut to your
     opponent’s ribs.
18. Step back (left leg) into a right fighting                               18. Jump turning back kick. Follow up with two
       stance and perform a right chop block to the                            applicable hand techniques.
       outside of the attack. Grabbing the wrist
       and turning to lock the arm, step forward
       into a left horse stance throwing a left
       elbow smash to your opponent’s elbow.
       Follow through to an arm bar.
Il Soo Sik Dae Ryun – One Step Punch&Kick Techniques Continued…
Punches Kicks
19. Step into a left front stance performing                               19. Skip to the outside of the attack, grabbing
       a left chop block and perform a Figure 4 arm                            opponent’s wrist with your left hand. Chop the
       lock.                                                                                                     back of the wrist with your right hand. Swing
                                                                                                                     the arm out the way performing a face high
                                                                                                                     round kick to a right vertical punch.
20. Step into a left front stance performing a                           20. Step wide into a left front stance performing
        left chop block and perform a right chop to                               a right chop block. Deliver a right round kick to
         your opponent’s elbow joint. Then slide your                          your opponent’s solar plexus.
        arm through to apply an arm lock.
21.Step into a left front stance performing a                            21.Lift the left knee while simultaneously
      Left chop block. Grab your opponent’s                                      perform a right chop in place. Reach forward and grab
      Wrist and step under His/Her arm and                                    opponent’s right shoulder and skip in throwing a
      Twist into a wristlock. While holding the                                  lateral knee kick to your opponent’s solar
      Lock perform a right front kick the your                                   plexus. Follow up with a left vertical face punch.
      Opponent’s solar plexus.
22. Step into a right fighting stance with a                               22. Step into a left front stance and perform a double
        right chop block to the outside of the attack.                           open handed X-block, grab opponent’s wrist and
        Grab your opponent’s wrist with your left                                perform a short side kick with the right foot
        the hand and the hand with your right hand. Step with        to the ribs. Follow up with two applicable
        the left foot in front of your opponent, while                           hand techniques.
        turning your back to your opponent and holding
        the arm high, land in a horse stance and drop
        down onto his/her elbow with your armpit to
        break the arm.
23. Step into a short right front stance                                      23. Jump left front kick to right round kick. Follow
       performing a right chop block. Take a half                                up with two applicable hand techniques.
       moon step with your left foot, bracing the inside
       of your opponent’s right foot; slide your right
       hand to the shoulder and step on the outside
       of his/her knee with your right foot.
24. Step into a left front stance performing                             24. Outside to inside crescent kick blocking at
        a left high defense; drop to your right knee                             opponent’s wrist; step in place and perform a jump
        and perform a right palmstrike to your opponent’s               outside to inside crescent kick. Follow up with two
        knee and a left palmstrike to their ankle                                  applicable hand techniques.
        simultaneously.
Il Soo Sik Dae Ryun – One Step Punch&Kick Techniques Continued…
Punches Kicks
25. Step into a short left front stance                                         25. Left reverse hook kick to the open side.
       performing a right chop block to the outside;                           (Option: precede kick with a sweep) or follow
       step in with your right leg to a horse stance                               up with two applicable hand techniques.
      and perform a left elbow strike and then a
      right elbow strike to the opponent’s ribs.
      Slide your right leg to sweep your opponent
     while simultaneously striking the left shoulder
     with your right hand taking your opponent
     down.
26. Perform a right chop block to the                                        26. Left spinning back kick. (stiff legged). Follow
       outside while skipping outside of the punch;                            up with two applicable hand techniques.
       drop to perform a left elbow to the back of
       your opponent’s knee and simultaneously
      perform a palmstrike to the front of his/her
      ankle, taking your opponent down.
27. Step into a left front stance blocking                                   27. Outside to inside crescent kick to reverse hook
       with a left palmstrike and counter with                                      kick or spinning back kick (Stiff-legged).
       A right punch to your opponent’s armpit.                                  Follow up with two applicable hand
                                                                                                                    Techniques.
28. Step into a right front stance and                                        28. Left inside to outside spinning crescent kick
        perform a double punch (Bassai) with                                       to right round kick. Follow up with two applicable
        your left hand to the bridge of your                                            hand techniques.
        opponent’s nose and your right to their
       groin; pivot to a left front stance and
       perform a right reverse chop to the base
       of your opponent’s left ear.
29. Step into a right front stance while                                     29. Left spinning back kick.(Stiff Legged)
       delivering a left center punch. Pivot into a                                Follow up with two applicable hand
       horse stance and perform a left chop block                               techniques.
       and a right center punch simultaneously
       then pivot into a left uppercut. Pivot back
       to a left stance and throw a right reverse
       chop to the base of your opponent’s ear.
30. Step with the right foot and perform a                               30. Scissors take-down. Follow up with right round left
        palm strike blocking to the outside.                                            Kick or left back fist.
        Simultaneously perform a left sweep to the
        opponent’s right leg and a right palm strike
        to the shoulder and follow through with a
        left punch to the ribs.
***NOTE: Students testing for BLACK BELT are responsible for all One Step Punching and Kicking techniques.

Black Belt One Steps

1. From a ready stance, step into a right-angled horse stance delivering simultaneous left chop block to right face punch. Draw back left foot into fighting stance and deliver a right front kick(off the front foot); Land in a right-angled horse stance and deliver a left center punch to right face punch. Draw back into a left forward fighting stance.
2. From a ready stance, step into a right front stance delivering a left center punch. Pivot over to a right-angled horse stance simultaneously performing a left chop block to your opponent’s right wrist to a right face punch. Step back into left fighting stance delivering a right side kick. Land in a right-angled horse stance and deliver a left center punch to right face punch. Draw back into a left forward fighting stance.
3. From a ready stance, step back into a right horse stance delivering a right outside/inside chop block into a right elbow in a straight horse stance. Draw right foot back to meet the left foot delivering a left back kick, pivoting around to face opponent in a left leaning stance, delivering left center punch to right face punch, returning back to a right fighting stance.
4. From a ready stance, step back into a right horse stance delivering a right outside chop block into a right elbow in a straight horse stance, to left elbow behind; re-pivot into a left fighting stance facing opponent, deliver right round kick, landing in a right-angled horse stance simultaneously delivering left center punch to right lateral chop (palm up). Return to left fighting stance.
5. From a ready stance, step back into a right horse stance delivering a right downward palm block. Step into a straight right horse stance simultaneously delivering a right lateral chop to your opponent’s ear. Draw the right foot back to meet the left foot and deliver a right side kick with the front leg landing in a right-angled horse stance delivering a left center punch to right face punch. Return back to left fighting stance.
6. From a ready stance, step forward into a left leaning stance delivering a right inside/outside block to the wrist of your opponent. Shift to a horse stance and deliver a left punch to the ribs and a right punch to the head glide your hand down your opponents arm, grabbing at the wrist, pulling them off balance. Deliver a right round kick to the solar plexus and land in a right horse stance behind the opponent’s right leg, delivering a right lateral chop (palm down) to the base of the ear. Step into a right leaning stance and deliver a left center punch to the floating rib area. Return to a left fighting stance.
7. From a ready stance, step into a right side angled horse stance delivering a left chop block to the wrist and a right lateral chop (palm up) to the base of the ear; grab wrist with your left hand and shoulder with your right hand; perform a right behind the foot sweep takedown to downward right punch. While maintaining the opponent’s elbow locked at your knee.
8. From a ready stance, step back into a left fighting stance delivering a left chop block to the wrist of your opponent and then grab it, (right hand is loaded back); Step into right horse stance delivering a right elbow to the left side of your opponent’s jaw then to the right side of your opponent’s jaw. Still holding on to opponent’s wrist, step back into a left fighting stance and deliver a right round kick to the temple. Still holding on to opponent’s wrist, step into a right horse stance and deliver a right back fist to the temple. Finally letting go of the wrist, turn back to opponent and deliver a left elbow to the solar plexus. Return to left fighting stance.
9. From a ready stance, step back into a right horse stance delivering a right outside chop to the wrist. Step into a straight right horse stance simultaneously delivering a right elbow to your opponent’s solar plexus. Swing arm down to deliver a right hammer fist to the groin and swing hand up to deliver a right back fist to the bridge of the nose. Perform a right downward palm block sliding right foot back to left and deliver right hook kick to side of head. Step down into straight right horse stance delivering a right back fist to the temple and following with a right leaning stance delivering a double finger attack to the eyes (E Jee Kong Kyuk).

Pyung Ahn One Steps

A= Attacker
D= Defender
(1) #1 and #2 are from form 4 Pyung Ahn Cho Dan
A) Right front kick to high defense. Step back with right foot to fighting stance delivering left center chop block.
D) Step back with the left to leaning stance delivering right low block to hammer fist. Step forward with the left foot landing in a leaning stance and deliver a left center punch.
(2)
A) Right front kick to right face punch. Step back with right foot to horse stance delivering a left palm strike.
D) Step back with the right leg to left leaning stance delivering left low defense to left center chop. Shuffle forward with the left foot forward in a leaning stance and deliver a right center punch.
(3) #3 and #4 are from form 5 Pyung Ahn Ee Dan
A) Right face punch to left center punch. Step back with right foot to horse stance delivering left circular downward palm strike
D) Step in with the left to fighting stance delivering right high defense and left outside to inside block. (First move from form #5) Left hand blocks down grabbing opponent’s left punch. Deliver a right uppercut to ribs then deliver left side center punch as you step into a left horse stance.
(4)
A) Right high punch
D) Step out 45 degrees into a left leaning stance delivering a right chop block, grab opponent’s wrist and hold, deliver a right round kick to the solar plexus followed by a left face punch. Grab the wrist, apply wrist lock simultaneously performing a sweep with your left foot taking opponent down. Follow up with a straight down punch.
(5) #5 and #6 are from form 6 Pyung Ahn Sam Dan
A) Right face punch to left center punch. Shift to fighting stance delivering a high open X-block. Grab the arm and move it downward in front of the Belt in a circular motion stepping with the right foot under the arm while twisting the wrist into a wrist lock. Step with the left foot under the arm twice while moving the arm in a circular motion applying a wristlock at the end of the turn. Follow the wristlock, (still maintaining the lock) with a head butt.
D) Standing in a left horse stance with the knuckles of each hand resting on the Belt, deliver a right outside to inside crescent kick followed by a right shoulder block. A right hammer fist immediately follows this to the head.
(6)
A) Step into a right leaning stance delivering a right supported spear hand to the solar plexus. Turn 180 degrees to the back side with the left foot into a left horse stance delivering a left hammer fist, Step forward into a right leaning stance delivering a center punch.
D) Step back with the left foot into a left leaning stance using a sword grab to capture the spearhand. Step back with the right into a left leaning stance performing a high defense. Step back with the left foot into a horse stance performing a right circular downward block (windmill block).
(7) #7 is from form 7 Pyung Ahn Sa Dan
A) Deliver right face punch, move right foot back to a fighting stance and deliver a right low chop block. Skip back remaining in the same fighting stance delivering a right center chop.
D) Step out 45 degrees to a right leaning stance delivering a left center chop block and a right lateral chop, in place deliver a right front kick, skip forward (left foot landing behind right) delivering a right back fist.
(8) #8 is from form 8 Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
A) Deliver a right front kick, pull knee back and step into right leaning stance delivering a right hammer fist.
B) Step forward into a left leaning stance performing a double X-block down followed by a double X-block high. Block the punch away with left while performing a right vertical punch to the face.

Ho Sin Sul

Self Defense
The basic purpose of any form of Self Defense is to perform a Direct Defense Technique that meets but does not exceed your opponent’s Threat Level. Evaluating the threat level that is being presented by an aggressor is critical to your ability to create the proper response. If the aggressor’s Threat Level is to embarrass you, use a Defense Technique that demonstrates confidence. It is important not to apply a more forceful response than is necessary for the situation.
If your opponent should increase the Threat Level to the highest degree by trying to kill you, you may have to use a Defense Technique that is equal to or stronger than the aggressors to protect your life. Defense Techniques that cause severe pain or unconsciousness will subdue the aggressor and allow you the chance to escape.
Consider the seriousness of the damage you can render as a student of the martial arts. Never deliver more force than necessary. Excessive force or brutality on your part can result in serious emotional/legal/financial problems in your life. Consider this as you learn how to defend yourself.
Threat Level Response
Threat Level One Defense Technique One — Demonstrate Confidence
Threat Level Two — Frighten you Defense Technique Two — Demonstrate Superiority
Threat Level Three — Cause you pain Defense Technique Three — Subdue aggressor
Threat Level Four — Cause you serious injury Defense Technique Four — Cause aggressor severe pain
Threat Level Five — Kill you Defense Technique Five — Cause unconsciousness (cause death only in the most severe situations)
1) Cross Hand Grab (your right hand to opponent’s right hand)
Technique #1
Step forward into a right horse stance circling your right arm inside and up to your solar plexus driving the tip of your right elbow into the opponent’s solar plexus. Perform a right lateral chop to the right side of your opponent’s neck. Then step 45 degrees with your right foot into a right leaning stance, simultaneously performing a left palm strike to the chin. Pivot into a left leaning stance simultaneously performing a spear hand to the groin.
Technique #2
Step 45 degrees into a right leaning stance twisting your right hand toward your opponent’s thumb while simultaneously performing a left chop to the left side of your opponent’s neck. Pivot into a left leaning stance performing a right palm heel to the face. Follow by pivoting into a right leaning stance and performing a spear hand to the groin.
Technique #3
Step into a short right horse stance and simultaneously swing opponent’s right hand counter clockwise grabbing with your left hand (place left thumb directly on back of opponent’s hand). As opponent’s grip breaks, slide your right forearm onto opponent’s wrist applying pressure downward. Follow with a right lateral elbow to opponent’s temple.
Technique #4
Use both hands to grab opponent’s right hand and simultaneously step with the left foot passing under the opponent’s right arm applying downward pressure to break the wrist. As you pass under the arm, turn your body 360 degrees and land in a right fighting stance. Keeping the wrist locked, perform a head butt lifting the front foot and stomping down.
2) Same side grab (your right hand to opponent’s left hand)
Technique #1
Step forward into a left horse stance punching straight down to release the grip of your opponent. Simultaneously perform a left backfist to the opponent’s face and a left bottom fist to the groin. Step into a left front stance at a 45 degree angle performing a right ridge hand to the face of your opponent.
Technique #2
Step into a left front stance simultaneously circling the left hand counter clockwise, (inside to outside) grabbing the opponent’s right wrist. Follow with a right chop to your opponent’s neck, grab behind the neck after the strike and snap your opponent’s head to your right shoulder, breaking the nose. Perform a right knee attack to the body while pulling the opponent toward the knee.
Technique #3
Grab opponent’s right wrist with your right hand swinging it inside. Step under the right arm, applying downward pressure to the opponent’s wrist, turning your body clockwise 360 degrees and landing in a right fighting stance with left hand loaded in a punch position. Follow with a left vertical face punch and a right short round house kick to the opponent’s solar plexus keeping the opponent’s arm locked in a downward position.
Technique #4
Grab opponent’s right wrist with your right hand, swing it clockwise (outside or to your left). Step under the opponent’s right arm, applying downward pressure to the opponent’s wrist, turning your body clockwise 360 degrees and landing in a left leaning stance and sliding the thumbs of both of your hands to the back of your opponent’s wrist pressing to lock the wrist. Perform a right front kick while holding the lock followed by a right downward elbow to the back of opponent’s neck and land in a right horse stance.
Keeping your opponent’s arm locked(at the elbow) across your chest.
3) Two-Handed Wrist Grab (two hands grab opponent’s right hand)
Technique #1
Right hand swings clockwise (to your left) toward your opponent while your left-hand moves under your opponent’s right elbow pushing up and over. Simultaneously step with your left foot toward your opponent, breaking his/her balance. Follow through with:
a) an elbow smash against your opponent’s elbow with the right hand.
b) a face forward takedown to the floor.
c) a left palm strike to opponent’s elbow.
Technique #2
Grab your right hand with your left to gain strength and pull both hands toward your body breaking the opponent’s grip and balance while pressing on your opponent’s knee for leverage with the ball of your right foot. Follow up with a double face(or bassai) punch.
Technique #3
Grab your right hand with your left hand to gain strength and pull both hands toward your body breaking the opponents grip, at the same time, perform in place a jump-front kick to the chest. Follow with left and right punches.
4) Two-Handed Wrist Grab to Both Wrists (right to opponent’s left and left to opponent’s right)
Technique #1
Step to the right into a 45 degree right front stance simultaneously snapping both hands toward your opponent’s thumbs and toward your right shoulder. Follow with a left backfist and right face punch.
Technique #2
Right foot steps toward opponent into a right horse stance while performing an X block low ( right wrist above left wrist). Perform a right backfist to the face. Then step 45 degrees into a right front leaning stance performing a left lateral elbow to the face.
Technique #3
Apply pressure outward toward opponent’s wrists. Snap your right hand across and grab opponent’s right hand while releasing your left hand at the thumb. Follow with a left vertical face punch.
5) Wrist grab from Side
Technique #1 (right hand to opponent’s right hand)
Perform right sidekick to pressure point of opponent’s right thigh. Grab opponent’s right hand using your left hand (place left thumb directly on back of opponent’s hand) while stepping into a short side stance. As opponent’s grip breaks, slide your right forearm onto opponent’s wrist, applying pressure downward. Follow with a right lateral elbow to opponent’s temple.
Technique #2 (left hand to opponent’s left hand)
Break grip toward opponent’s thumb while taking a short step with your left foot (to meet your right), pivot into a right back kick followed by a right backfist to opponent’s face.

Knife Attacks for Dan Gum Ho Sin Sul

(Knife Self Defense)
Knife self defense is a crucial component of one’s second degree black belt test. These attacks are suggested to be defended with a block, followed by a quick-strike, to a take down or off balance move to take the weapon successfully away from your opponent without inflicting harm upon oneself. When performing your defense, it’s suggested to follow the acronym G.U.N. (Grab, Undo, and Neutralize.) The following attacks will be performed for second degree black belt self defense:
1.) Straight in attack
2.) Over hand attack
3.) Under hand attack
4.) Blade point to back(to be performed turning both left and right.)
5.) Slashing attack
6.) Blade point poised under the chin
7.) Blade edge around neck
8.) Blade edge to side of the neck
***Note: Caution should be exercised when performing knife self defense. Please note that knife self defense is to be performed in the Dojang and in the Dojang Only. Please use caution using rubber and wooden knives as both can cause serious injury.

Appendix – Tang Soo Do Forms

The following is a guide to the sequence of movements of the Forms used in Tang Soo Do. To avoid confusion, we have used the term “FS” for back or fighting stance, “LS” for front leaning stance, “HS” for Horse riding stance.
Tang Soo Do forms include the following elements:
Form Sequence, Power of Technique, Tension and Relaxation, Speed and Rhythm, Control, Direction of Movements, Spirit and Attitude, Precision of Movements, and Intentness
A. Gi Cho Forms: E. Black Belt Forms:
Created: Hwang Kee in Seoul (1947) 1. Ship Soo 29 movements
Symbol: Mother teaching child to walk 2. Jin Do 46 movements
1. Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu 22 movements 3. Kong Sang Koon 68 movements
2. Gi Cho Hyung Ee Bu 22 movements 4. Ro Hai 35 movements
3. Gi Cho Hyung Sam Bu 22 movements 5. Jin Do
6. Sei San 45 movements
B. Pyung Ahn Forms: 7. Wang Shu 39 movements
Created: Mr. Idos in Okinawa (circa 1870) 8. O Ship Sa Bo 77 movements
Symbol: Turtle 9. Jion 50 movements
Pyung: Well balanced, peaceful and calm 10. Hwa Sun
Ahn: Safe, confident and comfortable 11. So Rim Jang Kwon
12. Tae Kuk Kwan
1. Pyung Ahn Cho Dan 24 movements
2. Pyung Ahn Ee Dan 31 movements F. Chil Sung Forms: Created: Grandmaster Hwang Kee in Koreas (circa 1950′s)
3. Pyung Ahn Sam Dan 29 movements Symbol: 7 stars of the Big Dipper (or Plough)
4. Pyung Ahn Sah Dan 31 movements 1. Il Ro Hyung 37 movements
5. Pyung Ahn Oh Dan 30 movements 2. E Ro Hyung 33 movements
3. Sam Ro Hyung 51 movements
4. Sah Ro Hyung
C. Bassai Forms:Created: Southern China (circa 1575) 5. O Ro Hyung

Symbol: Serpent

6. Ro Hyung
1. Bassai So 30 movements 7. Chil Ro Hyung
2. Bassai Dae 52 movements
G. Long Staff Forms:
D. Naihanji Forms: 1. Bong Hyung Il Bu
Created Jang Song Kye (circa 1200) 2. Bong Hyung Ee Bu
Symbol: Horse 3. Bong Hyung Sam Bu
1. Nai Hanji Cho Dan Hyung 31 movements 4. Bong Hyung Sah Bu
2. Nai Hanji Ee Dan Hyung 32 movements 5.Yung Gee Bong Hyung – Staff Form of Courage
3. Nai Hanji Sam Dan Hyung 42 movements
A Step-by-Step Guide to Tang Soo Do Forms
1. Gi Cho Hyung Il Bu 2. Gi Cho Hyung Ee Bu 3. Gi Cho Hyung Sam Bu
1. Choong Bee Choong Bee Choong Bee
2. Left Low Defense(LS) Left Low Defense(LS) Left I/O Block (FS)
3. Right Center punch(LS) Right High punch(LS) Right Center punch
4. Right Low Defense(LS) Right Low Defense(LS) Right I/O Block (FS)
5. Left Center punch (LS) Left High punch (LS) Left Center punch
6. Left Low Defense(LS) Left Low Defense(LS) Left Low Defense (LS)
7. Right Center Punch (LS) Right High Block (LS) Right Side Center Punch (HS)
8. Left Center Punch (LS) Left High Block (LS) Left Side Center Punch (HS)
9. Right Center Punch (LS) Right High Block (LS) Right Side Center Punch (HS)
Kee Ahp Kee Ahp Kee Ahp
10. 270° Left Low Defense 270° Left Low Defense 270° Left I/O Block (FS)
11. Right Center punch(LS) Right High punch (LS) Right Center punch
12. Right Low Defense(LS) Right Low Defense (LS) Right I/O Block
13. Left Center punch (LS) Left High punch(LS) Left Center punch
14. Left Low Defense (LS) Left Low Defense(LS) Left Low Defense(LS)
15. Right Center Punch (LS) Right High Defense(LS) Right Side Center Punch (HS)
16. Left Center Punch (LS) Left High Defense (LS) Left Side Center Punch (HS)
17. Right Center Punch (LS) Right High Defense(LS) Right Side Center Punch (HS)
Kee Ahp Kee Ahp Kee Ahp
18. 270° Left Low Defense 270° Left Low Defense 270° Left I/O Block (FS)
19. Right Center punch(LS) Right High punch (LS) Right Center punch(LS)
20. Right Low Defense (LS) Right Low Defense (LS) Right I/O Block
21. Left Center punch (LS) Left High punch (LS) Left Center punch (LS)
22. Ba-Ro Ba-Ro Ba-Ro
Form 4-Pyung Ahn Cho Dan(LS) Left Low Defense(LS) Right Center punch(LS) Right Low DefensePull back Right (FS), Right Wrist Break(FS) Right Block to Groin(FS) Right Hammer Fist(LS) Left Center punch (LS) Low Defense/Center Chop Block(LS) – 3 High DefenseKee Ahp(LS) 270oLeft Low Defense

(LS) Right Center punch
(LS) Right Low Defense
(LS) Left Center punch
Left Low Defense
(LS) – 3 Center Punches
Kee Ahp
(FS) 270o Left Low Chop Block.
(FS) Right Low Chop Block 45o
(FS) Right low Chop Block
(FS) Left Low Chop Block 45o
Form 5-Pyung Ahn Ee DanFS-Left I/O & Right High BlockFS-Right Upper CutHS-Left Side Center PunchFS-Right I/O & Left High BlockFS-Left Upper CutHS-Right Side Center PunchRight Side Kick, Kee-UpFS-Left Center Chop BlockFS-Right Center Chop BlockFS-Left Center Chop BlockLS- Right Spear Hand, Kee-Up

FS-Left Center Chop Block
FS-Right Center Chop Block –45o
FS-Right Center Chop Block
FS-Left Center Chop Block -45o
LS- Right I/O Block
Right Front Kick, (LS) Left Reverse Punch, Left I/O Block,
Left Front Kick, (LS) Right Reverse Punch
LS- Right 2 Hand Straight Defense
LS- Left Low Defense
LS- Left Center Chop Block
LS- Right High Defense
LS- Right Low Defense
LS- Right Center Chop Block
LS-Left High Defense, Kee-Up
A Step By Step Guide To Forms
(Guide To Forms Continued…)
Form 6-Pyung Ahn Sam DanFS- Left I/O BlockFeet together Right-Double Block, Left-Double BlockFS- Right I/O BlockFeet together Left-Double Block, Right-Double BlockLS, Left 2-Hand Straight DefenseLS, Right Lunging Spear HandKee-UpRight Wrist Twist onto hip, TurningHS Left Hammer fistLS right middle punchTurning, Hands on Hips feet together

Right O/I kick
HS Stomp with Right elbow block
Right Hammer Fist – return to hip
Left O/I kick
HS Stomp and Left elbow
Left Hammer Fist – return to hip
Right O/I kick
Stomp and Right elbow
Right Hammer Fist – leave extended
LS-Left Center Punch
Exhale – Low Horse Stance
Turning 180o (HS) Right Punch over shoulder & Left Elbow back
HS Jumping Left Punch over shoulder & Right Elbow back
Kee-Up
Form 7-Pyung Ahn Sah DanFS-Left I/O chop & Right High Chop BlockFS-Left High Chop Block & Right I/O ChopFS-2 Hand Low X BlockFS-2 Hand Middle BlockLoad hands left, then right and load left leg at same timeLeft Side KickLS Right Elbow StrikePivot – Right Ready PositionLoad hands right, then left and load right leg at same timeRight Side KickLeft Elbow Strike

Left Open Hand low and right high chop block
Pivot LS to high defense, open hand, right chop strike
Right Front Snap Kick
Right backfist to bridge of nose, Kee-Up
Pivot, feet together, step Left (LS) Cross Open Hands
2 Hand Grab, Right Twist
Right Front Snap Kick
LS Short Right Middle Punch
Left Middle Reverse Punch
Right foot back, feet together, step Right (LS)Cross Open Hands
2 Hand Grab, Left Twist
Left Front Snap Kick
LS Short Right Middle Punch
Left Middle Reverse Punch
FS Left 2 Hand Straight Defense
FS Right 2 Hand Straight Defense
FS Left 2 Hand Straight Defense
Slide Left (LS) 2 Hand Grab head
Right Knee Strike bringing hands through to ankle, Kee-Up
Left Center Chop
Right Center Chop
(Guide To Forms Continued…)
Form 8-Pyung Ahn Oh Dan FS – Left I/O BlockRight Rev Middle PunchRight foot to left, load hands right FS – Right I/O BlockLeft Rev Middle PunchLeft foot to right, load hands leftLS 2 Hand Right straight defenseLS 2 Hand Low X Block -Fist2 Hand High X Block openLeft -Middle Soo Do strikeLS Right – Middle Punch, Kee-Up

Right Out/In Kick
HS Right Low Block
HS Left Open Middle Hand
Right I/O Kick To Hand
Right -Elbow To Left Hand
Cross Stance, 2 Hand Middle Block
Straighten Right Arm
Leg Up, Jump Over Turn
Cross Stance-2 Hand X Low Block
Kee-Up
LS 2 Hand Straight Defense
LS Right Low Spear Hand
FS Right Back Fist and
Left Low Block
Twist into Double Block
LS Left Low spear Hand
FS Left Back Fist and
Right Low Block
Bassai So-Bassai So Choong BeeCross Stance. 2 hand BlockLeft FS – Soo Do & High BlockFeet together – Right Low BlockLeft FS – Soo Do & High BlockFeet together, Load Both HandsRight side snap kick to knee HS – Left slow Low BlockRight center then left center punchLeft FS Right Back Fist andLeft Low BlockRight FS Left Back Fist and

Right Low Block
FS Right Center Chop Block
FS Left Center Chop Block
FS Right Center Chop Block
FS Return Left Center Chop Block
LS Right I/O Block
Hands High Push (triangle)
Turning High Side Kick
FS 180 turn Double block
Double kidney strike
HS- right side center punch
Left bottom fist
LS – right Punch
Choong bee Knife block
HS – Grab & Strike
HS – Grab & Strike
HS – Grab & Strike
Left High Knife Hand Block
Turn step in front Right Knife Hand
Kee-up
Bassai Dae
  1. Bassai Dae Choong Bee
  2. Turn body to left 90 degrees, head looking forward, right shoulder tilted, cross foot stance right in front of left; execute right supported backfist (left hand pressed against the right wrist)
  3. Turn left 180 degrees left foot fwd in LS, execute left inside-outside block,
  4. and immediately execute a right arm reverse inside outside block ( 2 moves to be done in quick succession )
  5. Turn right step into right LS left execute reverse left outside inside block,
  6. immediately execute a right inside outside block ( 2 moves to be done in quick succession. )
  7. Lift up right leg turn right 90 degrees; execute right low backfist against right ankle return fist to right side of head.
  8. Step into narrow right LS execute right outside inside block
  9. to inside outside block
  10. Pivot to HS load hands to right side of body
  11. Maintain HS – execute left knife hand
  12. Execute right center punch
  13. pivot left into narrow LS Immediately execute right inside outside block
  14. Execute left center punch HS
  15. pivot right to narrow LS immediately execute left inside outside block (all move above to be done in quick succession)
  16. Take ½ step with left foot towards right foot, then step forward into right FS center chop.
  17. Step forward left foot FS center chop
  18. Step forward right FS center chop
  19. Step backwards with right foot into open horse stance center chop
  20. Slide right foot behind left foot, back of right hand comes up over head meeting palm of left hand at the temple staff block.
  21. Pull hands down to left side, right side kick to face, kee-up.
  22. Look left turn 180 degrees left FS center chop
  23. Step forward right FS center chop.
  24. Pull the right foot back so both heels are together, at the same time left and right open hands come to left and right side of body (pause)
  25. bring left and right fists together at solar plexsus knuckles to knuckles, maintain tension break both hands over head, fists still clenched with palms facing out (pause).
  26. Pull fists breaking shoulder width apart double block.
  27. Twist at waist right shoulder to center arms still in double block step forward right LS double kidney smash closed fists.
  28. Fake left jump front kick land in right LS center punch – kee-up
  29. Look left turn 180 degrees left LS right spear hand groin, left arm blocking over right shoulder
  30. pull right arm over head while executing groin smash with left bottom fist.
  31. Lift left knee and bring foot to right knee and slide to floor both legs slightly bent hands snap back up and down to position.
  32. Both fists to left side, right hand held vertical on the left side.
  33. Right outside inside kick landing in HS
  34. low block with right arm
  35. Maintain stance turn look 180 degrees lift left leg left vertical chop to collar bone, hand stays out.
  36. Outside to inside kick with right foot to strike open hand face level landing in right HS
  37. to right elbow strike, hitting the open left palm.
  38. Maintain HS, low block with right arm
  39. and a middle block with left arm,
  40. low block left arm
  1. and middle block right arm,
  2. low block with the right arm
  3. and middle block with left arm
  4. Pivot right and into narrow right LS, load both arms to left side maintain the same height.
  5. Lift right leg up, put back down to full LS
Bassai Dae – Continued
  1. execute double bassai punch – left punch to face, right punch to groin area
  2. Pull right foot back to the side of left foot, bring both fists to left side, feet hit, switch fists to right side applying hip twist
  3. Left outside inside kick face high, pull leg back to knee holding leg up step forward with left leg into left FS
  4. execute double bassai punch – right punch to face, left punch to groin area
  5. Pull left foot back to the side of right foot bring both fists to right side, feet hit, switch fists to left side applying hip twist
  6. Right outside inside kick face high, hold leg up
  7. Put right leg back down to leaning stance, execute double bassai punch – left punch to face, right punch to groin area
  8. Look left, turn 270 degrees in long LS executing left high defense
  9. execute low ( to floor) back fist with the right hand, left arm loaded.
  10. Turn 180 degrees to right executing right high defense in long LS,
  11. execute low back fist with the left hand, right arm loaded
  12. ½ step with left foot, pivot on left foot, then shift right foot forward into FS execute center chop
  13. turn 90 degrees to the right into right FS center chop
  14. Turn 90 degrees to the left right foot stepping over in front of left foot to left FS execute double knife hand center chops kee-up.
  15. Close form as started, lift the left foot back so both feet are together, Clench Right Fist With Left Hand, Left Thumb between Right Thumb and Index Finger –back to Bassai Dae Choong Bee.
Naihanchi Cho Dan
Naihanchi Choong beee – Right leg up, place left hand on top of right hand fingers pointed up chin high, turn overlapped hands pointed downward, bring right foot down while bringing hands downward to waiste – leg and hands come down together – start facing forward
Look forward still left foot drops in front of right foot, knees slightly bent, hands striking downward as one. Maintain shoulder height from this point forward, throughout form
Step into HS with Right foot, execute right hammer chop to collar bone, load left arm at left side.
Maintain HS, execute elbow strike with left elbow to contact the right open chop hand.
Look forward maintaining same HS, bring both fists to right side
Look left maintaining same HS, execute low block with left arm
Immediately execute short right hand punch to belt and load left arm while maintaining same HS
Stepping across to left right foot in front of left foot maintaining shoulder height
Load right fist to left hip twisting, Left foot loads behind right knee then stomp out to HS, at the same time executing right inside outside block.
Maintain HS, execute left hand low block/punch to north and a high right fist punch to left shoulder.
Maintain HS, execute low block to right side with right arm and right-angled high block to left side with left arm wrist turned outwards. Twist body 90 degrees bringing right shoulder to center
Maintain HS, execute outside inside block/back fist attack with left arm, and right arm middle block Left elbow rests on right knuckles. 3 moves to be done in quick sucession.
Focusing left 90 degrees, lift left foot up to the right knee before stamping back down into HS. Execute middle double arm inside outside block/back fist to the left, maintaining arm position.
Focusing 180 degrees right, lift right foot up to the left knee before stamping back down into HS. Execute middle double arm inside outside block/back fist to the right maintaining arm position.
Preparation – Focusing forward, bring both fists to right side of waist with right palm turned up and left palm turned down, keep both fists level.
Focusing 90 degrees left, execute hammer punch to the left with the left fist, middle punch with right arm in front of chest – kee-up.
Still in HS looking left – execute left hammer chop to collar bone, load right hand to right side
Maintain HS, execute elbow strike with right elbow to contact the left open chop hand.
Look forward maintaining same HS, bring both fists to left side
Look right maintaining same HS, execute low block with right arm
Immediately execute short left hand punch to belt and right left arm while maintaining same HS
Stepping across to right with left foot in front of right foot maintaining shoulder height
Load left fist to right hip twisting, Right foot loads behind left knee then stomp out to HS, at the same time executing left inside outside block.
Naihanchi Cho Dan – Continued
Maintain HS, execute right hand low block/punch to north and a high left fist punch to right shoulder.
Maintain HS, execute low block to left side with left arm and right-angled high block to right side with right arm wrist turned outwards. Twist body 90 degrees bringing left shoulder to center
Maintain HS, execute outside inside block/back fist attack with right arm, and left arm middle block Right elbow rests on left knuckes. 3 moves to be done in quick sucession.
Focusing right 90 degrees, lift right foot up to the right knee before stamping back down into HS. Execute middle double arm inside outside block/back fist to the right, maintaining arm position.
Focusing 180 degrees left , lift left foot up to the right knee before stamping back down into HS. Execute middle double arm inside outside block/back fist to the left maintaining arm position.
Preparation – Focusing forward bring both fists to left side of waiste with left palm turned up and right palm turned down, keep both fists level.
Focusing 90 degrees right, execute hammer punch to the right with the right fist, middle punch with left arm in front of chest – kee-up.
Back to Naihanchi Choong Bee.
Appendix- Kwan Jang Nim Hwang Kee
Kwan Jang Nim Hwang Kee was born on November 9, 1914, in Jang Dan, Kyong Ki province where the DMZ is currently located. His father, Hwang, Yong Hwan, had a dream in which he saw the bright star (Sam Tae Song) before his son’s birth. He named his son “Tae Nam”, which means “star boy”. Later his name was changed to “Kee”. His father was a scholar who had achieved a high level of academic recognition from the last King of the Yi Dynasty, Ko Jong.
In May 1921, when young Hwang Kee was about seven years old, it was a time of a traditional holiday called “Dan O”, which is the national May festival. During that time he happened to visit his neighboring village, where a variety of folk plays and festive activities were held. As he enjoyed seeing a variety of folk plays such as Ssirum (traditional wrestling), archery and roadraces around the village, he happened to see a group of people in a tavern making noise that caused him to believe that some trouble was developing. He saw a group of seven or eight young men arguing with one man, and this argument soon progressed to physical fighting. The group of young men began to attempt to beat the man. The man was avoiding their attacks and countering with various kicks to the group of young men. Soon the group of young men fell one by one as a result of the man’s strange moves. After the attack ended, some onlookers said, “That is Tae Kyun”, and some said, “That is Sip Pal Ki”, as they were departing. The Kwan Jang Nim was so impressed by this man’s performance that he decided to find out what his art was about. He followed the man at a distance and discovered where he lived.
Several days later, he approached the man’s home and sat on a hill nearby and looked down at his house. He saw the man practicing some hand and foot movements with a partner. He watched their practice closely with great interest and he realized that these were the same techniques that the man had used facing the group of seven or eight young men at the May festival. After that, he often went near the man’s home to watch him practice, and he imitated and practiced what he saw from the man’s techniques.
One day he decided to learn these techniques and he asked the man to teach him. His request was refused because Hwang Kee was too young. Although disappointed, he would go to the man’s home and watch him perform whenever he could and then practice by himself what he had seen. This was the “Tae Kyun” that had been handed down from the later part of the Yi Dynasty. This experience was a major influence leading him to become a Kwan Jang Nim, who would devote his entire life to Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan.
In the country of Korea some 70 years ago, the educational system differed significantly from the present. Few students became high school graduates. The Kwan Jang Nim entered elementary school at the age of 11 and graduated high school in March 1935. Following his graduation, he went to Manchuria to work for the railroad company (May 1935).
In May 1936 he had the opportunity to meet a Chinese master, Master Yang, Kuk Jin and to visit Master Yang’s house with a friend, Park, Hyo Pil, who worked with him at the Jo Yang Station. During this visit, he learned that Master Yang was teaching a handful of private students practicing a Chinese martial art in his home.쟄e never lost his dream of learning the depth of the martial arts following his experience when he was seven years old. He had trained himself whenever the opportunity was offered and from whatever source was available during the past 20 years; however, he never had any organized or structured lessons, nor did he have access to formal instruction or any dependable literature on the subject.
Mr. Hwang Kee was overwhelmed with happiness as if he were dreaming, knowing that he was at the home of Master Yang, who was highly renowned as a martial arts Master. He was served tea by Mrs. Yang. His first impression of Master Yang was of a man with a very gentle and healthy appearance with good energy, who looked to be about 50 years old. Master Yang was taller than Mr. Hwang Kee and kept his body healthy. That same day, Mr. Hwang Kee humbly requested to be Master Yang’s student. Master Yang refused his request gently, saying that “I am not good enough to teach you.” Mr. Hwang Kee and his friend, Mr. Park, could not speak Chinese well enough to present their sincere wishes to study at that time. That evening they had a good dinner at Master Yang’s house, thanked the couple, and returned to their home.
That night Mr. Hwang Kee could not get to sleep because of the excitement that he had experienced being with Master Yang. He considered this to be once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to learn the martial art from the Master, if he were accepted. He was also concerned about what he would do if Master Yang really would not accept him as a student. He tried to get to sleep that night with mixed emotions of happiness and concern.
The next morning, he discussed things with his friend, Mr. Park, and they decided to visit Master Yang again and again until they were accepted. On their third visit, Master Yang finally accepted them as his students. They were so happy to be accepted that they practiced whenever they had the opportunity. Because of their work schedule, they trained every other day. Mr. Hwang Kee never missed practice with Master Yang. He accepted Master Yang’s instruction sincerely and his progress was exceptional due to his sincere dedication and prior martial arts experience during the previous 20 years.
Master Yang admired his dedication. Mr. Hwang Kee and four other students were training under Master Yang during this time. The training consisted of Seh Bop (method of postures), Bo Bop (method of steps) and Ryun Bod (method of conditioning) as their basic training. They also had trained in “Dham Toi Sip E Ro” and “Tae Kuk Kwon,” which were disciplines of form and its combat applications.
In August of 1937, he had to leave Master Yang and return to Seoul for personal reasons. During 1941, he went back to Manchuria for a short time to visit Master Yang for instruction. This was the last time he was able to enjoy Master Yang’s instruction. He could not communicate with or visit his Master again once China became a Communist country in 1946.
Upon his return to Seoul after leaving his instructor Master Yang, in 1937, the Kwan Jang Nim searched for an opportunity to continue his personal martial arts training and, possibly, teach. It was impossible at the time, for him to pursue his wishes in martial arts activity due to the strict Japanese influence on all facets of the Korean culture. (The country of Korea was occupied by the Japanese from 1910 to August 1945). Because of this situation, Gum Do (Ken Do) and Yu Do (Ju Do) were the only two martial arts known to the general public. People did not have any knowledge of Soo Bahk, Okinawan Karate, Chinese Wu Shu, or Kung Fu.
Because of this situation, it was impossible for Kwan Jang Nim Hwang Kee to make his long-time dream come true. He spent long hours of meditation and self-conditioning during this time.
He started work at the Survey department of the Cho Sun Railway Bureau in 1939. His working area was very peaceful and quiet because it was in a separate building a little distance from the main building. In this facility were located a lecture room, a library, and various exercise rooms.
In his employment, although he earned a low salary, he was very comfortable with the working conditions and especially his work environment. He spent most of his time reading books from the library. He particularly enjoyed reading about astronomy, philosophy, and Okinawan Karate. It was a very pleasant surprise for him to find karate books at the library, even though all the books were from Japan. (No other books were avaliable from any other country at that time and this was the first modern form of martial arts books he had seen).
This was his first encounter with Okinawan Karate and he found that he was able to study the art though books at that time. Later, this knowledge influenced the Moo Duk Kwan system when “Tang Soo Do” was adopted by Grand Master Hwang Kee during the early part of the Moo Duk Kwan history.
Although Pyung Ahn Hyungs, Passai Hyungs, and Kong Sang Kun Hyungs, etc., were practiced a little differently from the original Okinawan Karate (unique use of the application of offensive and defensive hip in all movements, and hip extension and thrust kicking techniques as well as its interpretation), these Hyungs were influenced by the Kwan Jang Nim’s study of the books on Okinawan Karate, as indicated in the Soo Bahk Do Deh Kahm (1970).
During that period of time, he had developed his high maturity as a martial artist. Because he worked for the railroad, he was able to travel without cost to anyplace where the train could reach. He traveled to most of the famous mountains and to Manchuria, which added to his experience and maturity in the martial art discipline.
During the same period, there were a number of wars initiated by Japan, which led to World War II. It was a very unstable time.
Finally, Korea became an independent country on August 15, 1945, as World War II came to an end. At the time it became possible for Kwan Jang Nim Hwang Kee to fulfill his life-long dream to dedicate himself solely to the martial arts.
During the previous 25 years, his maturity as a martial artist had been conditioned through his hard and long self-taught training of Tae Kyun and his various experiences in both formal and informal martial arts training, as well as the significant influence by his master, Master Yang, while he was in China. It was not only Master Yang’s technical influence but also his desire to improve human character, which proved an invaluable experience. The study of Okinawan Karate through the available books at the library while he was employed by the Cho Sun Railway Bureau in Seoul from 1939 to 1945 was also a great influence.
With these experiences in martial disciplines, he founded the Moo Duk Kwan and established its philosophy on November 9, 1945.
From “The History of Moo Duk Kwan – Celebrating the 50th Anniversary 1945-1995″